Biodiversity: scientific issues and collaborative research proposals

.2) similarly, a pdf version of the fapesp application form, completed and submitted to fapesp by the sp pi, should be included as a supplementary document in the proposal submitted to nsf;. unfortunately, the pace of discovery is increasingly offset by rapid and permanent loss of biodiversity. for proposals for scientific cooperation between researchers in the united states and in the state of so paulo, brazil, under a scientific cooperation agreement between the fundao de amparo pesquisa do estado de so paulo (fapesp) and the u. this limitation includes proposals submitted by a lead organization, any sub-award submitted as part of a proposal, or any collaborative proposal submitted as separate submissions from multiple organizations, and this includes all types of projects. however, proposals addressing those individual areas may not be directly applicable to the dimensions of biodiversity program. proposals should be prepared, formatted, and submitted in accordance with the guidelines of the agency to which they are submitted (fapesp or nsf) , using the appropriate cover sheet and application forms of the corresponding agency. all proposals submitted to fapesp should be clearly marked “biota-fapesp/dimensions-nsf 2014” to distinguish them from other program submissions;.. collaborator, to both proposals (to fapesp and nsf), as supplementary documentation.) a pdf copy of the documents of the us collaborator (application form, cv, budgetary sheets, letters, etc) should be included in the sp proposal as supplementary documents (see details in section 9. systematics and biodiversity science cluster supports research that advances our understanding of the diversity, systematics, and evolutionary history of organisms in natural systems. > professors > grants programs overview > discovery frontiers call for proposals: biodiversity and adaptation of biosystems. the sbs cluster seeks to fund projects that are transformative - that is, those that innovatively and fundamentally transform our approaches to analyzing and understanding global biodiversity, its origins, distribution, and evolutionary history. an integrated training plan for undergraduate and/or graduate students is a newly required element of dimensions of biodiversity proposals. the loi must include a cover page (one page), a research proposal (maximum five pages) and biographical information on the team (maximum two pages). institute a comprehensive series of financial and other incentives to encourage rational natural resource management decision-making, taking into account the full value of biodiversity conservation.

Systematics and Biodiversity Science | NSF - National Science

revised version of the nsf proposal & award policies & procedures guide (pappg) (nsf 17-1), is. develop financial and other incentive structures and institutional arrangements that foster biodiversity conservation and restoration. proposal must have at least two co-principal investigators, in addition to the principal investigator. proposals may target any group of organisms from any natural habitat.), (iii) biodiversity inventories (including dna bar-coding and metagenomics), (iv) phylogeny and phylogeography, (v) ecosystem functioning and landscape ecology, (vi) marine biodiversity, (vii) applied ecology and human dimensions of biological conservation, (viii) invasive species and gmos, (ix) modeling, (x) bioprospecting, and (xi) education and public outreach. what extent could the proposed research have an impact beyond the field of biodiversity research? paulo-us collaborative research projects will also be reviewed with respect to the extent to which they demonstrate substantial collaboration between so paulo and us or and enhance research on the dimensions of biodiversity. will be asked to evaluate proposals using two national science board approved merit review criteria and, if applicable, additional program specific criteria. scientific, technical and programmatic review and consideration of appropriate factors, the nsf program officer recommends to the cognizant division director whether the proposal should be declined or recommended for award. need to plan for biodiversity and ecosystem service conservation on farms, in local areas and across bioregions. this certification must be a signed letter from an authorized sao paulo state institutional representative, and should consist of the following text: "i confirm on behalf of [insert name of institution] that the us-sao paulo collaborative proposal between [insert name of sp pi and institution] and [insert name of u.) student training plan: training should promote intellectual and methodological cross-fertilization and encourage a systems/integrative perspective towards understanding biodiversity. develop direct measures and indicators of change in biodiversity in native ecosystems and managed production ecosystems. guidance on how to incorporate these gender equity measures within the full proposal, and how they will be assessed, will be provided prior to the full application stage. how did evolution lead to patterns of global biodiversity in time and space?

Climate change and biodiversity conservation: impacts, adaptation

that details concerning proposals that are successful at the loi stage will be published on nserc’s website.) institutional certification of the submission (endorsement) :For the proposal submitted to fapesp, an institutional certification of the submission should be included as a supplemental document. a means of achieving integrated land and marine resource management, investigate incentives that are applicable to local government and foster biodiversity conservation and restoration. projects must integrate all three dimensions of biodiversity (figure 1) with the goal of understanding the complex interactions and dynamic feedbacks among these dimensions. integration among these three dimensions is an essential aspect of all proposals. proposals include fieldwork or new collections:  include well-documented plans for fieldwork coordination and permitting, vouchering of new collections, specimen preparation, long-term specimen storage regimes that are openly accessible, specimen identifications and descriptions, georeferencing, data modeling and databasing, and rapid dissemination of data into public biodiversity databases. should focus on fundamental aspects of biodiversity research; those whose primary focus is applied in nature (e. all proposals are carefully reviewed by a scientist, engineer, or educator serving as an nsf program officer, and usually by three to ten other persons outside nsf who are experts in the particular fields represented by the proposal. frontiers projects funded under this call for proposals are encouraged to promote approaches that increase the inclusion and advancement of women and other under-represented groups in the natural sciences and engineering, as one means to foster excellence in research and training. research would obtain information, generate understanding or clarify management options on a biodiversity issue that is of national importance. geosciences directorate is particularly interested in projects that consider how marine biodiversity interacts with ecosystem function relative to climate change. nsf strives to be able to tell applicants whether their proposals have been declined or recommended for funding within six months. this solicitation targets biodiversity research areas where all three overlap. selected catchments and farms, develop planning techniques for identifying management options to retain and restore biodiversity. requests to collaborators for letters of collaboration should be made by the pi well in advance of the proposal submission deadline, because they must be included at the time of the proposal submission.

NSERC – Climate Change and Atmospheric Research

large or particularly complex proposals or proposals from new awardees may require additional review and processing time. develop economic tools, such as biodiversity credits, to support market-based incentives for biodiversity conservation. such proposals should also include explanations of phylogenetic comparative methods to be used. the long-term goal of the campaign is to develop an integrated understanding of the key dimensions of biodiversity in an ever-changing world. received by nsf are assigned to the dimensions of biodiversity nsf program where they will be reviewed if they meet nsf proposal preparation requirements. reviewers will be asked to comment on the quality of the prior work described in this section of the proposal.), before 28 january 2016 (at least 7 weeks prior to the full proposal deadline) to receive pre-approval by fapesp regarding eligibility as a pi for a fapesp thematic project or young investigator award.. portion of the proposal should be included as supplementary documents in the sao paulo proposal to fapesp. the richness of our biodiversity is expressed in the unique and complex ecological communities found across australia on land, in the soil, fresh water, estuaries and the sea.) additional solicitation specific review criteria:For research proposals, reviewers will also be asked to evaluate whether the proposal defines a bold agenda that will use innovative approaches to integrate examination of the three dimensions of biodiversity as defined in this document. organizations whose proposals are declined will be advised as promptly as possible by the cognizant nsf program administering the program. this research addresses fundamental questions in biodiversity, taxonomy, and phylogenetics, such as:  what kinds of organisms exist in the natural world? functional diversity includes aspects of organismal, population, community and ecosystem traits and functions, and the role of key innovations in the generation and maintenance of biodiversity (see examples below). proposals will be shared with fapesp during the review process.  all proposals sent to the sbs cluster should be submitted to one of the two core programs.

Call for research proposals, biodiversity and local knowledge

.2) details about why the work represents an innovative approach to biodiversity research;. january 2016: closing date for submission of “pre-proposals” by the sp state pis to fapesp. 2020, the dimensions of biodiversity program is expected to have transformed our understanding of the scope and role of life on earth. the full proposal must be submitted to both agencies by close of business on 17 march 2016.. proposal characteristics:Researchers from the state of so paulo must send a pre-proposal, in english, which must include the following documents and information:I) so paulo state pis cv;. february 2016: sp state pis notification for submission of “full proposal” by fapesp. letters deviating from this template will not be accepted and may be grounds for returning the proposal. similarly, comparable information of sp portion of the proposal should be included as supplementary documents in the proposal submitted to nsf.) a pdf version of the nsf cover page, completed and submitted to nsf by the us pi should be included as a supplementary document in the proposal submitted to fapesp by the sp pi;..4) identification of the substantial gap(s) in biodiversity knowledge that will be filled by the proposed research. projects that integrate multiple dimensions of biodiversity but largely repeat or replicate existing work will also not be funded. signing below (or transmitting electronically), i acknowledge that i am listed as a collaborator on this proposal, entitled "__ (proposal title) __," with _ (pi name) _ as the principal investigator. to that end, reviewers will be asked to evaluate all proposals against two criteria:Intellectual merit: the intellectual merit criterion encompasses the potential to advance knowledge; and. investigate how ecosystem processes and ecologically valuable native biodiversity can be maintained within multiple-use landscapes and marine areas. proposals that do not comply with this requirement will be returned without review.

FAPESP :: Agreements - Call for Proposals FAPESP-NSF: BIOTA

proposals that focus primarily on tree-based comparative biology should include a tree-building component sufficient to ensure that:  the tree(s) used for comparative studies are strongly supported; previously published trees are enhanced and augmented; and tree(s) used include sufficient sampling for the questions proposed. to nsf , by researchers associated with eligible institutions as defined in the nsf grant proposal guide (www. letters of collaboration should not be provided for any individual designated as a principal investigator or senior personnel, nor are letters of collaboration required for any organization that will be a subawardee in the proposal budget. this reality has stimulated a campaign of integrated study across the dimensions of earth's biodiversity.., informatics, instrumentation, imaging, analysis) and other tools specific to integrative biodiversity studies are also welcome..The true value of biodiversity to our society is far greater than most people would ever imagine. areas identified as highest priority research represent key knowledge gaps in our ability to manage and protect australia's biodiversity resources and the processes that enable ecosystems to be healthy. compliance with these requirements is critical in determining the relevant proposal processing guidelines.) includes: (i) native biodiversity restoration, (ii) development and implementation of a new information system for the program (sinbiota 2. although this research has yielded important advances, huge gaps persist in our understanding of biodiversity. of the results would lead to improvement in the way we conserve or restore biodiversity and ecosystem services. a basis for understanding ecosystem processes and health and for assessing the conservation status of biodiversity, identify native species that may be threatened, occur in poorly understood ecosystems (see priority 1) or in poorly understood taxonomic groups such as invertebrates, non-vascular plants, fungi, bacteria and other micro-organisms. programmatic approval has been obtained, the proposals recommended for funding will be forwarded to the division of grants and agreements for review of business, financial, and policy implications. paulo state researchers must send a pre-proposal as described in the fapesp call published at www. research proposal should include:A description of the main research challenges and activities;.

Biodiversity conservation research: Australia's priorities - Executive

the review process at the loi stage is intended to select those proposals that best fit the program objectives and best address the loi review criteria with an emphasis on the merit of the proposal. contains additional information for use by proposers in development of the project description section of the proposal. the proposal submitted by the state of so paulo pi to fapesp (including the documents of his/her us collaborator) shall be sent to fapesp in printed copy to the following address:Rua pio xi, 1500, alto da lapa, cep 05468-901 – so paulo/sp. the sp proposer should use the application form customized for this call as a cover sheet to submit the proposal to fapesp. pre-proposals should be submitted to fapesp, by january 28th 2016:I) as printed copy to rua pio xi, 1500, alto da lapa, cep 05468-901 – so paulo/sp. in addition, a primary goal of the program is to describe the largest unknown mechanisms driving the origin, maintenance, and functional roles of biodiversity; proposals that have the potential to fill large gaps in our understanding of biodiversity are particularly encouraged.. institutional representative, and should consist of the following text: "i confirm on behalf of [insert name of institution] that the us-sao paulo collaborative proposal between [insert name of us pi and institution] and [insert name of sao paulo pi] is endorsed and has been submitted by [name of research office]. to provide the required annual or final project reports or the project outcomes report will delay nsf review and processing of any future funding increments as well as any pending proposals for that pi.) data management plan : each proposal must include, as a supplementary document, a data management section with the specific details of data standards, accessibility, electronic dissemination, and preservation. and nsf make public this joint call for proposals and invite interested researchers to submit projects for scientific cooperation through their programs, biota (www. systematics and biodiversity science cluster comprises two core programs:  biodiversity:  discovery & analysis and phylogenetic systematics. a framework for conservation action, develop and validate methods for direct measures and indicators to monitor changes in biodiversity in order to detect ecosystem decline, the recovery of threatened species and ecological communities, the outcomes of conservation management actions and the effectiveness of the system of conservation reserves. a basis for planning and evaluating the effectiveness of management, develop biodiversity data and information systems so that the information can be retrieved for a range of reporting areas including local shires, catchments and bioregions. development and use of new technologies, strategies or methodologies that advance model building and experimentation, reduce pressures on natural systems, and provide solutions to existing threats to biodiversity;. for instance, in key areas where changes in soil condition are causing loss of native biodiversity, investigate the function of soil organisms.

Research proposal for the degree of doctor of philosophy

note:  research on biodiversity and organismal evolution is supported in various ways across the biological sciences directorate, and the systematics and biodiversity science cluster frequently co-reviews projects with other clusters or programs. care is taken to ensure that reviewers have no conflicts of interest with the proposal. dimensions of biodiversity program currently targets three fundamental dimensions of biodiversity - genetic diversity, phylogenetic diversity, and functional diversity. information for the so paulo state portion of the proposal should be included as supplementary documents in the nsf proposal. the proposal budget submitted to fapesp should include only the costs of so paulo participants; the anticipated budget for us participants should be submitted as a supplementary document in the proposal submitted to fapesp. aims of the biota-fapesp research program, launched in march 1999 includes: i) to inventory, map and characterize the biodiversity of the state of so paulo; ii) to understand the processes that generate and maintain biodiversity, as well as those that can result in its deleterious reduction; iii) to improve public policies on biodiversity conservation and restoration, and iv) to develop means and strategies for the sustainable use of plants, animals and microorganism with economic potential.) projects that focus on species surveys, discovery, inventories, or descriptions (including projects that solely focus on large-scale sequence acquisition, for example microbiome surveys, without integrating the three dimensions of biodiversity);.., those approaches and projects that integrate across all the components within the cluster (biodiversity discovery, organismal biology, taxonomy, phylogenetics, and evolution) and that train highly integrative systematists who can conduct research across the entire spectrum of these activities. investigators are encouraged to develop international collaborations if projects will characterize multiple dimensions of biodiversity and understand their ecological and evolutionary significance within a global context. the project summary must explicitly summarize how the project integrates the three dimensions of biodiversity as defined in this solicitation.. australia's biodiversity and ecological processes support our own population of 19 million, food exports which feed another 30 million people overseas and wool exports which clothe 250 million. purpose of this fifth call is to define the conditions for the submission of proposals for scientific cooperation between scientists in so paulo, brazil, and in the united states within the scope of the scientific cooperation agreement between fapesp and nsf signed on 19/12/2011 and published at www. coordinated support will be arranged for successful proposals by the participating organizations with nsf funding the us participants and fapesp funding so paulo participants through each agency's standard award process. our biodiversity provides fish and timber, plants and animals for breeding programs, and genetic material for biotechnology applications. advances in our capacity to collect, analyze, and integrate biological data have provided tools with which researchers can significantly expand our knowledge of earth's biodiversity and revolutionize our understanding of the living world.

Guidelines on the Handling of Research Data in Biodiversity Research

from this better understanding of processes, develop predictive modelling techniques (see priority 12) that allow us to include biodiversity objectives in planning and management (see priority 13). the program officer assigned to manage the proposal's review will consider the advice of reviewers and will formulate a recommendation. investigators are encouraged to propose projects that transcend traditional boundaries among areas of biodiversity research. nsf will solicit suggestions for appropriate external reviewers from fapesp, but will independently manage the review of proposals in accordance with its policies and procedures. management actions and institutional changes required to conserve our biodiversity have been outlined and a set of principles are suggested for assessing the relative merit of biodiversity research proposals. please consult with fapesp before preparing a proposal to ensure the people proposed as co-pis meet the necessary qualification requirements.. proposer's local time):June 2016: publication of the results for selected proposals.. the proponents must submit their proposals before the closing date set in the item 6 of this call. these issues apply both to the technical aspects of the proposal and the way in which the project may make broader contributions. of topics that might be addressed by dimensions proposals include, but are not limited to, the integrated roles of the three dimensions of biodiversity in: food web and community stability or ecosystem resilience, sustainability or productivity, particularly with respect to environmental thresholds and alternate stable states; feedbacks between biotic and abiotic change; maintenance of symbioses; genetic/phylogenetic diversification enabled by natural selection on novel traits; ecological response to anthropogenic disturbances including climate change; carbon, nitrogen, and other biogeochemical cycles; and rates of evolution. proposals requesting funds from nserc can include aspects of social sciences and humanities, provided that the main focus remains within the natural sciences and engineering. while this focus complements several core programs in bio and geo, it differs by requiring that multiple dimensions of biodiversity be addressed and integrated in innovative ways to understand the roles of biodiversity in critical ecological and evolutionary processes.) postdoctoral mentoring plan : each proposal that requests funding to support postdoctoral researchers must include, as a supplementary document, a description of the mentoring activities that will be provided for such individuals. report provides an explanatory background to the identified biodiversity research priorities, addressing a series of questions:What is australia's biodiversity?'s mission is to advance the progress of science, a mission accomplished by funding proposals for research and education made by scientists, engineers, and educators from across the country.

in addition, if the proposal includes the use of satellite remote sensing, this fact should be noted in the project summary,Proposals that do not address all three aspects in the project summary will be returned without review.) suggested reviewers:Names and contact information for 4-8 individuals who have expertise appropriate to review the proposal should be provided as a single document in both proposals (sp and us). to be used for letters of collaboration :To : biota/fapesp-nsf dimensions of biodiversity programs. supports all aspects of biodiversity science, including expeditionary and exploratory research in natural environments to advance the discovery, identification, description, classification and cataloguing of the world's biodiversity. than the general eligibility criteria found in the discovery frontiers grants description, there are no additional eligibility criteria for individuals that apply to this call for proposals. we now recognise the need to plan for biodiversity and ecosystem service conservation in local areas and across catchments and bioregions. i agree to undertake the tasks assigned to me or my organization, as described in the project description of the proposal, and i commit to provide or make available the resources specified therein. the primary foci of this program are to investigate the origins of biodiversity and to resolve the relationships among species across the hierarchy of life. � Professors - Grants Programs � Climate Change and Atmospheric ResearchHometopicsbiodiversitybiodiversity conservationbiodiversity conservation research: australia's priorities. may incorporate the context provided by one or more drivers of biodiversity loss (e. additionally, proposals that advance theory and methods of phylogenetic analysis and phylogenetic comparative approaches are also encouraged. excellence in terms of the review criteria at the very highest of international standards must be demonstrated for funding to be awarded to the most meritorious proposal.) a description of how the project integrates the three dimensions of biodiversity as defined in this solicitation;. how does functional biodiversity relate to the phylogenetic or taxonomic dimension in a particular study system? our knowledge of biodiversity and its role in maintaining ecosystem processes needs to be interpreted, made available in a range of suitable forms and actively presented to private land holders, industry, catchment and marine management authorities, government at all levels and the community.

proposal budgets submitted to nsf and fapesp do not have to request equal funding from each agency; each proposal should have a budget that reflects the participation of scientists from each region. by undertaking and funding the nationally important and highest priority research, we will position ourselves to sustainably use and effectively conserve australia's unique biodiversity into the future. we are to make informed land-use and land management decisions, it is essential that we have a true cost accounting of the economic, environmental and social value of biodiversity based on a comprehensive identification of the value of ecosystem services. it is recommended that, before submission, the sp pi verify if all documents are included in the proposal.) for the proposals submitted to fapesp, the core of the proposal, submitted in english, shall contain:1) research proposal form customized for this call and researcher’s registration form. anticipated outcomes of this collaborative research initiative will redefine biodiversity science and likely lead to the following benefits:A strong evidence-based focus in the development of new models and/or refinement of existing ones to gain a better understanding of ecosystems and the biodiversity they support, and processes of adaptation;. questions related to this call for research proposals must be directed to:Regina costa de oliveira, manager - scientific directorate; e-mail: chamada_nsf-dimensions@fapesp. call for proposal is based in a broader call for proposals published annually by the nsf dimensions of biodiversitys program, which invites the participation of u..3) information about how the work will rapidly increase understanding of biodiversity;. that information should include the following, and only the following:I) proposal application forms :I. please note that for dimensions of biodiversity competition only, fapesp will consider young investigator award proposals with a duration of 5 years. if an individual is listed as pi, co-pi, or senior personnel on more than one proposal to this solicitation, all proposals in excess of the limit for any person will be returned without review in the reverse order received. drivers of biodiversity loss include climate change, over-exploitation of natural resources, planetary re-engineering (such as land use change, water diversions, coastal development, fertilizer use), and the intentional or unintentional movement of species. proposals submitted by any other means will not be accepted. each pi and co-pi who has received more than one prior award (excluding amendments) must report on the award most closely related to the proposal.

Research proposal on biodiversity

letters of collaboration should focus solely on affirming that the individual or organization is willing to collaborate on the project as specified in the project description of the proposal. successful proposals will test hypotheses about biodiversity that integrate these three dimensions and investigate the dynamic interactions and feedbacks among them . proposals that do not comply with this requirement will be returned without review. term biodiversity refers to all the components of biological life, its diversity and interactions. all documents required for the proposal, including the ones described in this call, are listed in the last page of the research proposal form;. for proposals in these areas, please consult the directorate for biological sciences website to identify programs whose priorities seem to be a good match for your research..2) similarly, a pdf version of the sp senior personnel biographical sketches, following the format required by fapesp, should be included as a supplementary document in the proposal submitted to nsf. 1999, the australian and new zealand environment and conservation council (anzecc ) standing committee on conservation recognised that there was no system in place for identifying areas of biodiversity conservation research that have national priority.. senior personnel biographical sketches following the format required by nsf should be included as a supplementary document in the proposal submitted to fapesp;. proposals that do not comply with this requirement will be returned without review. dimensions of biodiversity campaign takes a broad view of biodiversity that ranges from genes through species to ecosystems in an effort to integrate both descriptive and functional aspects of biodiversity on earth. determine the environmental, social and economic value of biodiversity components and ecosystem services. march 2016: closing date for submission for full proposal (due by 5 p. what extent does the proposal provide assurance that expenditures from a funded project would be closely and critically monitored? the nature of the research to be supported through this call for proposals and in recognition that the ability to implement policy or directly apply the research results can depend on socio-economic considerations as well as scientific understanding, proposals may include collaboration and integration across several disciplines.

proposals should address biodiversity discovery questions and may entail a primarily clade-based approach (i., an institutional certification of the submission must be included as a supplemental document in the proposal submitted to nsf.. components of the project should be included in the fapesp proposal as a supplementary document;. who are invited to submit a full proposal will be given further instructions on submission details at the time of invitation. please note that for dimensions of biodiversity competition only, fapesp will consider young investigator award proposals with a duration of 5 years. example topics include:  expeditionary biodiversity research and discovery; identification and classification of organisms; and phylogeny and comparative phylogenetic biology. the review criteria are as follows:Merit of the research proposal. with the task of deciding which biodiversity research to support among many proposals, criteria need to be developed in accordance with the basic principles below. an award or declination decision has been made, principal investigators are provided feedback about their proposals. it will bring diverse researchers together to conduct transformative and integrative research of international impact through studies, assessments, comprehensive experiments and the development of models that will inform and ultimately provide solutions to the global biodiversity-loss crisis and generate new knowledge on the nature of adaptation. these projects can focus on any topic that falls within the scope of this dimensions of biodiversity solicitation and the corresponding fapesp- biota call for proposals published at www. because these relationships are not static, proposals should seek to understand how these relationships adjust and evolve over time.) the documents of sp collaborators (application form, cv, budgetary sheets, letters etc) should be included in the us proposal as supplementary documents (see details in section 9. such projects should focus on clades, guilds, or areas for which species-level biodiversity is very poorly known, and successful proposals will make a compelling case demonstrating that lack of knowledge. the proposal budget submitted to nsf should include only the costs of us participants; the anticipated budget for so paulo state participants should be submitted as a supplementary document.

similarly, comparable information from the nsf proposal should be included as supplementary documents to the proposal submitted to fapesp. fourth call for proposals is in the area of biodiversity and adaptation of biosystems.., food and drug development; biomedical prospecting, restoration or biodiversity management) are not eligible for funding. in addition, the cluster includes a unique category of proposal with specific requirements (advancing revisionary taxonomy and systematics -- see dear colleague letter nsf 11-037 for details). describe the ecological communities in soils in a range of natural and managed ecosystems where changing soil condition may be causing loss of native biodiversity. an individual may appear as principal investigator (pi), co-pi, or other senior personnel on only one proposal per annual cycle submitted in response to this solicitation. in order to devise realistic and viable conservation and mitigation strategies for biodiversity and to address this global challenge, a comprehensive understanding of natural and managed environments from genes to ecosystems and how they respond or adapt to complex changing conditions is essential. no proposal will be accepted after the closing date for submission, nor will any addendum or explanation be accepted, unless those explicitly and formally requested by fapesp or the nsf. strong plans for integration of the information and results from the project with other global data should be clearly detailed in the proposal. additional examples of proposals that will not be considered by this program include:1) projects that only address the characterization of genetic diversity within a single population or species;. unsustainable management practices are impacting on industry productivity and native biodiversity. evaluating nsf proposals, reviewers will be asked to consider what the proposers want to do, why they want to do it, how they plan to do it, how they will know if they succeed, and what benefits could accrue if the project is successful.. proposal processing, review information criteria and procedures:The us-so paulo collaborative research projects will be reviewed by nsf in accordance with nsf policies and procedures as described below. the selected state of sao paulo pre-proposals by fapesp, the corresponding full proposals should be also prepared in english. and fapesp support research on biodiversity science that is focused exclusively on systematics, evolution, ecology, or ecosystem science.