Research proposal on cervical cancer

Cervical CA Proposal Jan152010 (2) | Cervical Cancer

Prevention of cervical cancer through screening using visual

the world health organization (who) estimates the annual age-standardized cervical cancer incidence rate in ghana as 29. 1sociodemographic and screening characteristics of respondentsknowledge of cervical cancer risk factorstable 2 provides information about the college students' knowledge of risk factors for cervical cancer. the ghana government official document on reproductive health admits that “although the pap smear was the encouraged primary prevention strategy for cervical cancer, the cost involved in setting up a national screening programme based on pap smear was the one factor that limited the setting up of such a programme” (16).

Prevention of cervical cancer through screening using visual

HPV and cervical cancer in Sénégal

one survey has reported a two percent prevalence of cervical cancer screening, using the pap test (5). general, women reported very few cues in the media or from primary care physicians and other health care workers about the importance of cervical screening. we could conclude from these results that, in general, the absence of an actively promoted national cervical screening program has resulted in a lack of basic knowledge about important risk factors for cervical cancer and a lack of information on screening age and intervals.

Research Proposal

our study findings mirror those of adanu who also found that ghanaian health science students, workers, university professors and staff persons in the health professions had adequate knowledge about cervical cancer, compared to those without a medical background. the most prevalent barriers were lack of awareness that the purpose of pap screening is to diagnose cancer, concerns about what others may think, and lack of information about how to obtain screening services. perform visual cervical inspection, a trained nurse inserts a speculum into the cervix, applies mild acetic acid solution and examines the cervix with a light source, paying particular attention to the squamo-columnar junction for any signs of raised and thickened white intraepithelial cells (7, 12, 14, 15).

Final Research Plan: Screening for Cervical Cancer - US Preventive

%) was the belief that their partner would not allow them to obtain cervical cancer screening, the following barriers were also important; cost (23. while more than 68% perceived that young women were susceptible to cervical cancer, a lower percentage (52. in exploratory bivariate analysis, the following three perceived barriers were negatively associated with ever screening for cervical cancer: lack of belief that the purpose of screening is to diagnose cancer (p=.

Cervical Cancer Screening Among College Students in Ghana

the first was the belief that the purpose of a pap smear is to diagnose cancer, this could be potentially easily addressed by the provision of information. however, according to the american cancer society hpv is the most important risk factor for cervical cancer (21). the purpose of this study is to describe the knowledge and beliefs of cervical cancer and cervical cancer screening among a sample of female students in a university in accra, ghana.

Draft Research Plan: Cervical Cancer: Screening - US Preventive

in order to help low-resource countries like ghana to improve cervical cancer screening rates, the who and other research agencies have evaluated and reported efficacy, effectiveness, specificity and sensitivity results of an alternative model of cervical cancer screening known as visual inspection (7-13). six of the fifteen who had received at least one recommendation from a healthcare worker to get cervical screening scheduled and obtained one. over 64 percent believed that the test could find cervical changes before they became cancerous while 78.

Research proposal on cervical cancer-HPV and cervical cancer in Sénégal

Awareness, knowledge and experiences of women regarding

the students also understood quite well that cervical cancer is a serious disease that is likely to make a patient's life very difficult even though most believed there is a cure for it. additional items determined sources of information about cervical cancer and screening, and the acceptability of visual inspection for screening. this suggests that primary healthcare workers such as community health nurses should be an important part of any new program aimed at increasing cervical cancer screening rates.

NIH Grant to Fund Cervical Cancer Research

the results show low knowledge about recommended screening age and frequency, and very low awareness of the link between hpv and cervical cancer or smoking and cervical cancer. the fact that students of the university of ghana perceive that cervical screening is beneficial is encouraging and suggests that a program of public education within the context of a national screening program is likely to result in increased screening uptake and repeat screening among women.: cervical cancer screening, health beliefs, ghanaian womenintroductioncervical cancer is the commonest occurring cancer among women in sub-saharan africa, accounting for an estimated 20-25% of all new cancers among women (1-3).

Collaborative Research Funding | Cervical Cancer Free Coalition

conclusion, this study showed that a literate population of college women in ghana lack complete information on cervical cancer and its risk factors. (24)the high level of perceived susceptibility to cervical cancer probably had much to do with the word cancer. very few (less than 1%) had ever heard of or knew about jhpiego's alternative cervical cancer screening projects based on visual inspection and mild acetic acid.

Research Proposal

among the perceived barriers to screening, the most prevalent perceived barrier was that only half of respondents believed that the purpose of cervical cancer was to diagnose cancer, the second commonest reported barrier (40..retep, tel: 713-500-9989author information ► copyright and license information ►copyright notice and disclaimerthe publisher's final edited version of this article is available at int j gynecol cancersee other articles in pmc that cite the published article. while a study conducted in 2003 found that education was significantly associated with screening among a large sample of women in accra, little is known about ghanaian women's knowledge and beliefs about cervical cancer and screening (5).

Final Research Plan: Screening for Cervical Cancer - US Preventive

about a third reported ever having heard a mass media discussion on cervical cancer while a fifth have at least once listened to a discussion on cervical cancer at a church or other social gathering. about three quarters of respondents (73%) believed that cervical cancer was a serious disease that would make a woman's life difficult and about 62% of students also believed that there were effective cures for cervical cancer. strengths of the study include the fact that we were able to access a population that has not been widely studied, and that this is one of the first studies describing knowledge and beliefs about cervical cancer in this population and reveals potential targets for interventions to improve cervical cancer screening rates.

this population also demonstrated some fatalistic beliefs about cancer (if i am destined to get cancer, i will get it no matter what) that have also been reported in elderly minority populations in the us.%) believed that they themselves were at risk for cervical cancer.: pmc2826278nihmsid: nihms124111cervical cancer screening among college students in ghana: knowledge and health beliefspeter n.

their lack of knowledge on cervical cancer and the need for periodic screening is indicative of a greater lack of awareness among the larger population of less educated women, as reported in other african populations (17, 23). this low level of knowledge has implications for future strategies to prevent cervical cancer with the hpv vaccine. on the other hand, there was better awareness of the link between sexual activity and cervical cancer, including the influence of the number or previous partners, although less was known about the importance of the past sexual experiences of their partner.

three barriers were negatively associated with screening in bivariate analyses: lack of belief that cervical screening diagnoses cancer, belief that pap test is painful and belief that the test will take away virginity. cross sectional survey among college women in a university in ghana elicited information about sociodemographics, knowledge and beliefs and acceptability of cervical cancer screening, screening history, and sexual history. the survey instrument was adapted from a study of cervical cancer knowledge and health beliefs conducted on the texas–mexico border (20).