10 PRIORITIES FOR CHILD MALTREATMENT RESEARCH
sexual abuse prevention research also needs to integrate knowledge of factors that support or impede disclosure of abuse in the natural setting, including factors that influence adult recognition of sexual abuse and situations at risk for child abuse (see recommendation 5-2 in chapter 5). visiting programs have great potential for enhancing family functioning and parenting skills and reducing the prevalence of child maltreatment. between the original pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and text pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text. is needed on the extent to which community-based prevention and intervention programs (such as school-based violence and domestic violence prevention programs, and head start) focused on families at risk of multiple problems may affect the likelihood of child maltreatment. is needed to clarify the nature of individual and group interests in the course of research, to develop clinical advice and experience that can resolve such conflicts among such interests, and to identify methods by which such guidance could be communicated to researchers, institutional research boards, research administrators, research subjects, and others. however, the center has not demonstrated that it has the resources or research expertise necessary to support long-term research studies, postgraduate training programs, and interdisciplinary centers. the proposed corps of research-practitioners will encourage the development of studies on selected child maltreatment issues as well as facilitate the integration of relevant research findings into agency services and programs. at present, we have limited knowledge about the range or nature of treatment and preventive services for child maltreatment or the context in which these services are available to children and their families. improved measures of the scope of the problem will strengthen work on etiology, consequences, prevention, and treatment. treatment evaluations need to incorporate a developmental perspective, including recognition of the impact of child maltreatment on children of different ages and in different contexts. strengthening the existing research effort of the national center on child abuse and neglect has the advantage of continuing the core research activity developed within that agency and ensuring an explicit focus on child maltreatment research. governmental research leadership requires:A commitment to high-quality research on child maltreatment, including the support of relevant theoretical work, instrumentation, and data collection efforts;. in the area of childhood victimization has generally not examined interrelationships among problem behaviors and symptoms of dysfunction. do not yet know if there are links between different forms of child maltreatment. ethnographic studies to identify the systems-level features that affect reporting and case verification; and. school and community-based programs need to be sensitive to the specific social, cultural, gender, and other characteristics and experiences of their participants. studies that examine multiple forms of abuse can help compare and contrast child maltreatment outcomes with the consequences of other childhood risk factors. research is needed that assesses direct and indirect consequences of child maltreatment across different domains of life, such as health, cognitive and intellectual skills, and social behavior. priority 7: research is needed to clarify the effects of multiple forms of child victimization that often occur in the social context of child maltreatment. panel believes that questions on child abuse and neglect should be included on future national surveys (the national health interview survey, the national survey of children, and the national longitudinal survey of youth) as part of an expanded data collection effort. given the uncertainties associated with official detection of child maltreatment, such outcomes may have limited value in measuring the achievements or limitations of a selected program intervention. empirical information about the strengths and limitations of existing interventions in preventing and treating child maltreatment to guide the development of new and more effective interventions; and. tragedy of child abuse and neglect is in the forefront of public attention. national leadership is also required to foster the integration of research from related fields that offer significant insights into the causes, consequences, treatment, and prevention of child maltreatment.
Research proposal on child abuse - Experience Best Custom
a sufficient research budget is available to support an expanded corps of research investigators from multiple disciplines, multidisciplinary research centers should be established to foster collaboration in research on child maltreatment. in state definitions of child abuse and neglect as well as differences in verification procedures result in significant unevenness in the quality of research data on child maltreatment reports. Understanding the broad dimensions of this crisis has suffered as a result.×closelog inlog in with facebooklog in with googleoremail:password:remember me on this computeror reset passwordenter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. proposed creation of a research institute within acyf appears to have substantial merit and attracted the interest of the panel. its responsibilities in providing federal funds for state child maltreatment programs also create a political climate in which the expansion of the research program may be seen as a weakening of a commitment to child maltreatment services, if additional funds are not available for the full range of program activity. a science policy for child maltreatment research that recognizes the importance of national leadership, human resources, instrumentation, financial resources, and appropriate institutional arrangements for child maltreatment research. needs to recognize the centrality of the issue of child maltreatment in contributing to a wide range of social problems and family pathologies. have very poor information about the methods and mechanisms used to identify and confirm cases of child maltreatment, to evaluate the severity of child and family dysfunction, to assess personal and social resources, family strengths, and extrafamilial influences, and to match clients to appropriate treatments based on these formulations. such evaluations should include rigorous scientific measurements, appropriate measures of child abuse and neglect, and clarification of the theoretical assumptions that shaped the home visitation efforts. the variation in existing definitions and inadequate instrumentation impede high-quality research, inhibit the comparison of studies of related phenomena, and restrain the development of good evaluations of intervention efforts. scientific knowledge can contribute to our understanding of the nature, scope, origins, and consequences of child maltreatment, but such knowledge cannot be developed in a haphazard manner. present, the lead federal research agency for child maltreatment studies (the national center on child abuse and neglect) does not meet all these criteria. and ethics--including a review of current research efforts, ways to strengthen human resources and research tools, and guidance on sensitive ethical and legal issues. research mission of the national center on child abuse and neglect could be consolidated with the research functions of other bureaus and centers within the administration of children, youth, and families (such as head start, the children's bureau, and others) so that a research institute within acyf could develop scientific studies directly relevant to existing and proposed acyf programs. volume will be useful to organizations involved in research, social service agencies, child advocacy groups, and researchers. thus the panel has formulated priorities for science policy and the research infrastructure that supports child maltreatment research in order to highlight key strengths and existing deficiencies that need attention. the social context is particularly important, since the effects of abuse or neglect often cannot be separated when families are experiencing a variety of problems. although the inclusion of questions on child maltreatment may raise issues of cost and administrative burdens, past surveys and secondary analyses of existing data sets represent important research opportunities that could provide further insights into the nature and frequency of child abuse and neglect. treatment and preventive interventions the quality of existing treatment and preventive interventions is affected by many factors, including the social and legal context in which programs and policies are developed, the allocation of human and financial resources, and the strength of the research base that informs and guides intervention programs and services. research needs to address the development of measures for sexual abuse prevention research, natural histories of post-prevention training experiences, factors that support or impede disclosure of abuse in the natural setting, and the roles of parents and other adults in the prevention of sexual abuse. and ethics--including a review of current research efforts, ways to strengthen human resources and research tools, and guidance on sensitive ethical and legal issues. research is needed that can identify the significant pathways by which key factors and behaviors affect child maltreatment, such as parenting styles, the use of corporal punishment, the use of violence and time-out periods in stress management and conflict resolution, and young children's relationships with strangers and abusive caretakers. external fellowship training for health professionals interested in child maltreatment research is particularly important, given the broad range of roles that health professionals are expected to play in detecting, identifying, confirming, treating, and preventing child abuse and neglect.Themes in wuthering heights research paper
New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research
postdoctoral training programs should include an emphasis on working with diverse ethnic and cultural groups. priority 8; studies of similarities and differences in the etiologies and consequences of various forms of maltreatment across various cultural and ethnic groups are necessary. an expert panel to periodically review the data system, establish quality indicators, and identify key areas for services systems investigation;. research on the information dissemination process can strengthen the ways in which science is used to inform and advise legislative and judicial decision makers. an analysis is needed of interactions among different agencies involved in intervention and treatment and the degree to which decisions made by one agency affect outcomes in others. research evaluations in this area therefore must seek to broaden understanding of what currently exists as well as documenting what services appear to work for which individuals or groups, and under what circumstances. directory of active research investigators, identifying key fields of research interests, should be developed in collaboration between professional societies and child advocacy organizations whose members have research experience on child abuse and neglect. nature and scope of child maltreatment our nation's ability to diagnose, treat, and prevent child maltreatment depends greatly on the quality of the tools that are available to address the problem. more needs to be known about the effects of what are considered to be normal or acceptable forms of physical discipline, sexual behavior, and parenting styles within various cultural, ethnic, and residential subgroups because cultural norms can have an impact on child maltreatment. priority 14: governmental leadership is needed to sustain and improve the capabilities of the available pool of researchers who can contribute to studies of child maltreatment. three possible approaches deserve further consideration:The research mission of the national center on child abuse and neglect could be strengthened with the necessary staff, budgetary, and program resources so that it can provide leadership in this area;., empirical analyses of research protocols and institutional research board reviews of proposed research projects on child maltreatment should be conducted to determine factors that influence approval and disapproval decisions, the use of waivers and certificates of confidentiality, and other factors that affect the manner in which research investigators address ethical and legal issues in the course of their research (see recommendations 9-1 through 9-4 in chapter 9). cross-sectional studies conducted with techniques to minimize memory performance error (using anchoring and boundary techniques), can provide retrospective information that can be verified in prospective longitudinal studies (see recommendations 6-1 through 6-4 in chapter 6). the research definitions should be coordinated with case-report and legal definitions, be developmentally appropriate and culturally competent, provide clear inclusion and exclusion criteria, and provide clear guidance on issues of severity, duration, and frequency of acts of maltreatment (see recommendations 2-1 and 2-3 in chapter 2). we also do not know if the etiology for mild, moderate, and severe forms of abuse is the same within the general population and in specific cultural or ethnic groups. the short term, research efforts to describe, document, and evaluate relationships suggested by the clinical literature on the consequences of child maltreatment are necessary. factors that influence different aspects of case handling decisions and the delivery and use of individual and family services require attention. evaluation studies should be an essential part of all major demonstration projects in the area of child maltreatment, and funds should also be available for investigator-initiated evaluation studies of smaller program efforts. the data and information collected by child death fatality review teams in various localities may also serve as an important source of information for future research (see recommendations 3-1 through 3-5 in chapter 3). modalities that are appropriate for children and offenders depending on their sex, age, social class, spoken language or culture, and type of abuse. lack of a consensus on research definitions of child maltreatment is one of the major impediments to the development of a strong research base on all aspects of child maltreatment. The committee presents an overview of three major areas:oDefinitions and scope--exploring standardized classifications, analysis of incidence and prevalence trends, and more. the criteria used by social service agencies in making assessment, investigation, substantiation, and referral decisions;. special consideration should be given to factors that might be related to outcomes, such as characteristics of the process by which the service was provided, the circumstances under which the child was removed from the original home, characteristics of the child's original home environment and foster family, and characteristics of the child (including age at time of services provided) (see recommendations 7-3 and 7-6 in chapter 7).Thesis drop down menu