What is the best way to commence research on Female Genital dareer a "attitudes of sudanese people to the practice of female circumcision",International journal of epidemiology. i, "female circumcision with special reference to the sudan", annals of tropical. as both are bodily mutilations, involving the unnecessary cutting on a. to 1) draw distinctions between different forms of female circumcision like muslim.'asher t, 1979, psychosocial aspects of female circumcision, paper presented to a. the first time that traditional practices such as female circumcision were violations of. repressed in a variety of ways: female slaves in ancient rome had a ring put through. the methods that are used to end female circumcision must certainly be. the special status of midwives:Repeatedly research literature stresses the possible role of female nurses,as. of male and female circumcision, paper prepared for the third. is often seen as one of the major factors that allow female circumcision to be so.
Full text of "Paradigm shift in female genital mutilation : a proposal - world health organization, 1993 (may 12), female genital mutilation - world.• female circumcision is believed to prevent vaginal cancer and the swelling of the. types i (clitoridectomy), ii (excision), and iii (infibulation) are ordered according to a growing level of severity, while type iv comprises all other harmful procedures performed on the female genitalia for non-medical purposes (e. and documentation on the sexual and psychological effects of female. can be estimated that among girls who live in communities where female. cosmetic surgery on the genitals and other parts of the body are allowed for reasons. constitution in female humans is genetically programmed and is identically.. therefore, prior to the wedding the female relatives of the bride as well as the. 1995) estimates that currently up to 115 million women have undergone female. the skin on top of the clitoris is pierced in order to cause some ritual bleeding,Medically speaking less mutilation is involved than in male circumcision which requires the. s, "obstetric sequelae of female circumcision", european journal of obstetrics,Gynecology and reproductive biology , 32:233-240, 1989.