Research proposal on flexible working hours for employees

A Study of Flexible Working Hours and Motivation

unlike exempted salaried workers, employers are still required to pay overtime to a flextime worker if they work more than 40 hours per week; some employers avoid this policy by dismissing[citation needed] their employees shortly before their scheduled working hours have been completed. under one such proposal by the bush administration made public on august 5, 2004, employers would not be required to pay non-exempt employees overtime for working more than 40 hours in a week so long as the employee works no more than 80 hours over a two-week period.[28] flexible working patterns has gained the interest of both academics and industrial practitioners in recent years, the reason is mainly because of its implementation into law in 1930. in 1930, employees in the united kingdom were given the right to request for flexible working arrangement, but there was no instructions or guideline on the way for this would work..), and a "bandwidth" period within which all required hours must worked (e.

HR at MIT | Human Resources at MIT | Job Flexibility Guidelines

flexible working patterns and equal opportunities in the european union conflict or compatibility? views of uk medical graduates about ¯ exible and part-time working in medicine : a qualitative study. some claim that flexible working will change the nature of the way we work. flexible working concept is also a relatively new form of working arrangement and this has limited its application in other parts of the world such as some region in africa. between 2003 and 2005 more than 14% of all workers had requested a change to flexible working.

Research proposal on flexible working hours for employees +The Benefits of Flexible Working Arrangements: A Future of Work

Flexibility and Overtime Among Hourly and Salaried Workers: When

flexible employment contracts, the psychological contract and employee outcomes: an analysis and review of the evidence. working pattern is a form of working arrangement which enables employees to decide the time, duration, and location of their work. employees accumulate too many flex hours, they are required to perform a "flex burndown", as they are burning down the flex. over the past month, jane has worked 8 hours overtime meaning she is eligible for a paid day off., as seen recently, most business organisations have started to introduce flexible working patterns for their employee as a way to increase their productivity level, increasing profitability.

The effects of working time on productivity and firm

2003, the uk government introduced legislation[20] that gave parents of children under 6, or the parents of disabled children under 18, the right in law to request a flexible working arrangement from their employer. can give employees greater freedom to organize their working lives to suit personal needs.[1] in contrast to traditional[2] work arrangements that require employees to work a standard 9 a. as the right to request for flexible working is extended to all by law, many benefits are expected to rise. this program's goal is to make the rigidity of the labor system more flexible and to change the old social welfare policy, in order to lighten heavy financial burden.

Flexible working and work-life balance [176kb]

in addition, the employer will usually require that a flextime employee works a minimum number of hours each week. calculation of long-term account system is usually based on time and money, occasionally there may be passed on from other labors' accounts, the situation is only applicable to short-term working time.[5] moreover, research reports[6] gave quantitative interpretation backed by statistical evidences showing the changing attitude of organisations in different countries and especially the uk toward flexible working. organisations hoping to adopt this form of working pattern for its employee should conduct research on how flexible working pattern is done in its industries, to avoid the enquiring a large expenses some researchers have associated the conducted flexible working arrangement. the working hours in their accounts are their assets, so that employers and workers both sides can increase or decrease the work required by each other without affecting the salaries and welfare.

A Study of Flexible Working Hours and Motivation

Research proposal on lead

Proposing a Flexible Work Schedule | Johns Hopkins Work, Life and

additionally flextime can also improve the provision of equal opportunities to staff unable to work standard hours. advantages include allowing employees to coordinate their work hours with public transport schedules,[citation needed] with the schedules of their children, and with daily traffic patterns to avoid high congestion times such as rush hour. are many different methods used for recording working time ranging from sophisticated software (computer programs) to handwritten time sheets.[15] few empirical studies were conducted to reflect the relation between flexible working and other variables. while achieving the purpose of flexible labor, and the account-system may be short-term, long or permanent (life-time) of the convention.

Balancing Work and Family Life: The Role of Flexible Working

with "millennials" becoming the interest of many organisations, flexible working seems to attract them. (also spelled flexitime [british english], flexi-time) is a flexible hours schedule that allows workers to alter workday start and finish times. employees being allowed to work from many different places as long as their level of production is maintained if not increased. since april 2007 the right to request flexible working also applies to carers of adults. working patterns is a working arrangement that enable employees to determine the duration, time and location of their work.

Flexible Work and Well-Being Report - Fall 2007

[11] while both employees and employers acknowledge the benefits of flexible working, drawbacks might include extra expenses and responsibilities the organization could incur in order to provide these arrangements and the decreased benefits offered to employee in accordance to their reduced working hours. it can also help provide staff cover outside normal working hours and reduce the need for overtime. literature have identified some benefits of flexible working patterns to employees such as life satisfaction, better wellbeing, and overall a good work-life balance,[31] but some researchers argue that although there are such benefits, there are some negative effect such as work intensity, job insecurity associated with flexible working arrangement.: working timehuman resource managementlabor historyhidden categories: articles needing additional references from may 2008all articles needing additional referencesall articles with unsourced statementsarticles with unsourced statements from april 2015articles with unsourced statements from november 2015articles with unsourced statements from august 2015articles with unsourced statements from january 2012articles with unsourced statements from may 2010articles needing cleanup from december 2015all articles needing cleanupcleanup tagged articles with a reason field from december 2015articles using small message boxeswikipedia pages needing cleanup from december 2015all articles lacking reliable referencesarticles lacking reliable references from december 2015. as a result, they often do not address a fundamental difference of most flexible working systems – namely the intention of flexible working to allow an employee to "trade hours" with their employer in return for a fixed wage (hayward, bruce; fong, barry; thornton, alex (december 2007), "the third work-life balance employer survey: main findings" (pdf), uk govt.

Flextime - Wikipedia

concept of flexible working time accounts is to establish labor-self accounts, and labors can save their working hours, just like saving money, into their own accounts. individual differences: factors affecting employee utilization of flexible work arrangements. industrial perspective of flexible working[citation needed] emphasizes on the practical definition of flexibility. working time accounts is also known as deposited working-time accounts or work bank account system. they explained how this code is designed to help employers, employees and their representatives dealing with disciplinary and grievance situations in the workplace.

[19] in the united kingdom, flexitime working is commonplace in both the private and public sectors., (2000) also highlight that flexible working pattern may not be applicable to all occupational fields, the authors also heighted the medical profession as one of such fields. being enforced by the law on 30 june 2014, industrial reports concentrate on workers right to request for flexible working and how it is guided by advisory, conciliation and arbitration service (acas). academics and industrial sources were established that in some professions flexible working arrangement may not be available or its availability will have a negative perspective on employees by others with a non-flexible arrangement, example of such profession is the medical profession. for example, 50% of companies in the uk started to consider flexible working as a common practice and 73% of the managers in the survey showed an ultimate support to it.

as a response to the empirical gap, a study by origo and pagani[16] based on a sample of european countries, gave a deep analysis of the concept of flexible working by testing the level of heterogeneity in the effect of flexibility on job satisfaction and found some positive link with some aspects of the job while negative or no relation was found against other aspects. 13 november 2012 deputy prime minister nick clegg announced plans to extend the right to request flexible working to all employees,[22] this legislation takes effect in april 2014. working arrangements may be a way for organisations to expand and increase their operations nationally and internationally at lower cost, in comparison to permanent or non-flexible working arrangements., (2000) on flexible working patterns in medical profession emphasized how some medical doctors may attributes negative perception with colleagues with flexible working pattern. flexible working is also seen as a family-friendly policy, which leads to a good work life balance for employees.

an analysis of how flexible working practices influence employees' perceptions of job quality. community service awardsholiday turkey programadopt-a-family & senior programblood drivesclothing drivesjohns hopkins group seating eventsemployee recognition jhu staff milestone recognitionjhu staff appreciation fall festretirement privilegesretiree eventshappenings at hopkinscommunity engagementprimetime newspre-retirement resources (university & health system)discounts amusement & theme parksarts & culturesports & fitnessresorts & traveleducationclothing / workplace flexibility / flexible work schedule / proposing a flexible work schedule. working was academically introduced in 1970[13] and since then this topic continues to be the interest of many research papers.[7] also, greater[citation needed] focus was put[8][9] to explain the increased demand for such arrangements by both stakeholders which was clarified by their advantages of contributing to high quality of output results while creating the perfect working conditions for workers.-time in australia is usually referred to accumulated overtime hours that an employee can build up and exchange for the equivalent amount of time off.

Flexibility and Overtime Among Hourly and Salaried Workers: When

the benefits for the company include; better motivated workers, more efficient and effective operation, less fatigued workers, so fewer errors; they get people working overtime hours without paying overtime rates, fewer facilities required, and lower sickness rates. recent years, the term "flextime" has acquired a more controversial definition when used to describe proposals to overhaul the nation's overtime regulations. the short-term account system, there is the lowest limit standard of withdrawing hours, however, the setting of standard is according to different demand of labors. most of these methods are associated with the payment of wages in return for hours worked. sources also have been able to highlight one of the positive effects of flexible working patterns as being able to attract highly qualified professionals, but brookins[33] established some negative effects flexible working patterns had to employers as it adds expenses and responsibility on the organisation, negative availability perspectives of employees on the customers, and employee availability.

[14] also, they deliver evidence of the significant amount and the ongoing increase in the use of flexible working in many countries. community service awardsholiday turkey programadopt-a-family & senior programblood drivesclothing drivesjohns hopkins group seating eventsemployee recognition jhu staff milestone recognitionjhu staff appreciation fall festretirement privilegesretiree eventshappenings at hopkinscommunity engagementprimetime newspre-retirement resources (university & health system)discounts amusement & theme parksarts & culturesports & fitnessresorts & traveleducationclothing / workplace flexibility / flexible work schedule / proposing a flexible work schedule. see flexible working as an element which can both prevent and create opportunities. working time accounts shall be calculated for at least the period of one year.[17] flexible employment is one of the vital factor in the european union policy discourse.