WHO | Immunization and vaccines related implementation researchin this study, parents are noted as one of the important sources of immunization information but their immunization knowledge needs to be strengthened. Services Academy (HSA) is seeking proposals for research that seeks to enable the effective implementation of immunization programmes in Pakistan. ways to ensure accountability, motivation and improving performance of human resources for immunization. deficiencies in parents’ knowledge about the adverse effects and contraindications of vaccines often lead to many immunization errors.)4 active immunization is a killed or weakened form of a disease-causing agent. observational non-experimental cohort study design was utilized to evaluate immunization rate among children younger than 2 years of age (born between 1 january 2003 and 31 june 2008). a significant association of immunization completeness with total kp groups (p < 0. the immunization knowledge and practices questionnaire consisted of 20 (10 questions on knowledge and 10 questions about practices) single-choice questions from a multiple answers provided in each equation, as shown in table 1.
Example: Infant Immunizationstudies have determined parental knowledge and practice related to childhood immunization and examined the association with children’s immunization status [33, 34]. determine a budget for this research proposal personnel, lab equipment, and. this is consistent with results reported in a previous study  in which an immunization knowledge questionnaire administered at the children's hospital in boston produced a mean score of 76% on questions relating to the schedule and administration of childhood vaccines.)9 there is a uniform immunization guideline for paediatric patients younger than two years. if a child missed at least one immunization dose, then this child was considered to have had partial immunization. of the previous studies found a strong relationship between paediatric immunization coverage and parental knowledge and vaccination practices. decisions regarding immunization are very important for increasing the immunization rate and compliance and for decreasing any possible immunization errors., including practitioners and policy-makers working with researchers are eligible to submit proposals in response to this call subject to the following criteria:The principal investigator must be an individual directly involved in the implementation of health interventions in pakistan).
further work is needed to increase physicians' and immunization providers' knowledge in this area .°c is a factor to be taken into account but is not a contraindication according to immunization recommendations . last two questions (questions 19 and 20) in the practice questionnaire assessed and evaluated the antenatal clinic and maternity hospital as immunization information providers. health services academy (hsa) is seeking proposals for research that seeks to enable the effective implementation of immunization programmes in pakistan. in addition, the immunization card is important for parents to be able to determine or check their child’s immunization status [30, 32]. a prospective cross-sectional study design was used to determine parental immunization knowledge and practices in iraq, where the data were collected through a developed and validated questionnaire via interviews . addition, most parents correctly answered question 13, which related to the first immunization dose in the first week of life; the highest frequency of parents (451 parents) was referred to a good experience in immunization field and this was drawn from older children's experience or that of friends or relatives. of immunization oversight mechanisms and systems for monitoring and evaluation of immunization programme performance.
significant differences in the knowledge- practice scores were shown among immunization completeness groups. are many barriers against immunization, including misinformation about vaccines, adverse effects of vaccines, vaccine-preventable diseases, and disease development after the administration of vaccines [1–3]. the above results suggest television is the best source for immunization information because television is freely available at home and it is more convenient for parents to watch medical programmes than use the internet: not all parents know how to use the internet or obtain information by reading.%) were immunized with all vaccination doses; these children were considered as having had complete immunization. more than 35% of parents did not know what active vaccines were made of and 54% of parents did not know what the base of passive immunization is. parents will be more likely to continue with their child’s immunization, although at the same time they may still be doubtful about vaccination. is a need to increase awareness and knowledge about the benefits and importance of vaccination, as well as the harmful consequences of non-complete immunization. parents’ knowledge and practices regarding immunization are the major factors that contribute to their vaccination decisions .