An Epidemiological Study on Infant Mortality and Factors Affecting it
secondly promotion of hand washing with soap while preparing food and infant feeding is also recommended. similarly, studies done in southwest ethiopia, brazil and india showed that, there is association between anc follow-up and infant mortality [11, 16, 22]. an understanding of factors related to infant mortality is important to guide the development of focused and evidence-based health interventions to reduce infant deaths. federal ministry of health of ethiopia has developed national strategy for child survival by 2005 with the overall objective to reduce under-five mortality by 52% from 2004 baseline. therefore promoting antenatal care follow up for all pregnant women, reducing the higher birth order and prolonging short birth interval though family planning will have the substantial effect in reducing the risk of infant mortality. this could be related to lower maternal nutrition status due to repeated pregnancy, resource competition among siblings, lack of adequate care and attention experienced by high-ranked infants. reducing infant and child mortality by two third from 1990 to 2015 is one of the millennium development goals (mdg) .
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second, survivals of infants are related to the past whereas available measures of household income and mother knowledge are current measures. even though the trend of infant mortality declining in ethiopia, it is still intolerably high. studies had reported significant association between fertility variable (short preceding birth interval and birth order) and infant mortality [10, 15, 18, 28–30]. of infant mortality in community of gilgel gibe field research center, southwest ethiopia: a matched case control studylamessa dube1, mohammed taha1email author and henok asefa1bmc public health201313:401doi: 10. different studies reported that infant and under-five mortality is influenced by social–economic status [7–15], birth weight , mother’s age [10, 17, 18], sex of infant [10, 19], breastfeeding [18, 20–22], immunization , interval from previous delivery [10, 21], birth order [10, 22], parity [21, 23], place of delivery  and etc. associations had been previously reported between immunization and the risks of infant mortality [14, 15, 17, 23]. the study covered 133 infants who died during infancy between january 2010 and february 2011 in the study area.Study abroad in japan essay
INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITY 8
bivariate conditional logistic regression models were fitted for each explanatory variable separately to identify those associated with infant mortality. bivariate analysis, educational status of mother, wealth index, family size, lack of radio, anc follow up, birth order with birth interval, birth size, immunization status of child, soap use for hand washing before feeding child, availability of latrine, type of roof, availability of windows, perceived benefits of mothers on modern treatments and prevention and good mother’s practice concerning breastfeeding, ors use during diarrhea, itn utilization and taking ill infants to health facility were significantly associated with infant mortality. also antenatal care protect early infant mortality through improving mothers nutritional status during pregnancy, tetanus toxoid immunization, giving care to mothers health events, either chronic disease or acute disease, during pregnancy and reducing prevalence of low birth weight by improving nutritional status of mother during pregnancy . total of 254 infants’ mothers were interviewed, having the response rate of 95. this result is in line with study done previously on determinants of under-five mortality . study identified anc follow up, birth size, hand washing habit of mothers with soap before preparation of food and feeding, perceived benefits of modern treatment, birth order and birth interval as a determinants of infant mortality. birth size was one of the determinants of infant mortality.Teenage obesity research paper