Research proposal

independently associated with infant mortality, gilgel gibe field research center, march, 2012. similar studies done in kenya, pakistan and iran also showed that no significant association between infant mortality and maternal education [10, 18, 28]. according to ggfrc record 2,120 infants were born alive in the study area from january 1, 2010 to february 29, 2011. those infants whose mothers had many children were more likely to die compared to infant whose mothers had given few births. analysis for the association between the selected explanatory factors and infant mortality, gilgel gibe field research center, march, 2012. however, other studies reported that there were association between mother’s education and infant mortality [11, 29].)], where p1 and p2 are the exposure rate of the case and control groups.

Research proposal on infant mortality rate

Determinants of infant mortality in community of Gilgel Gibe Field

this study hand washing habit with soap before feeding child was significantly associated with infant mortality. study showed that, infants whose mothers had no anc follow up were more likely to die than those whose mothers had at least one follow up [aor= 2. this study, maternal education is found to be not associated with infant mortality. the trend of infant mortality rates has been about 200 per 1000 live births in 1960, 153 per 1000 live births in 1970, 110 per 1000 live births in 1984, 97 per 1000 live births in 2000 and 77 per 1000 live births in 2005, 59 per 1000 live birth in 2011. the purpose of this study is to identify determinants of infant mortality in community of gilgel gibe field research center, southwest ethiopia. ethiopian situation is similar with that of the sub saharan africa which is characterized by high infant mortality rate; it also ranks 6th in the world by total number of death of infants [5]. infants whose mothers did not use soap for hand washing were more likely to die than whose mothers used soap [aor= 2.


RESEARCH PROPOSAL CHILD HEALTH, POVERTY AND THE

PROPOSAL FOR RESEARCH

analysis of breast feeding was restricted to infants older than 7 days to avoid including neonatal deaths that were not likely related to infant feeding mode; to avoid reverse causation. infant mortality is known to be one of the most sensitive and commonly used indicators of the socioeconomic and health status of a country [1–3]. out of this, about 43% of infant deaths occur in sub-saharan africa which is unacceptably high [5]. the risks of dying among infants whose mothers had negative perceptions on modern treatment were higher compared to infants whose mothers had positive perceived benefits [aor= 2. more than any other age group of a population, infant’s survival depends on the socioeconomic status of the family [3]. eight knowledge questions on common cause of infant morbidity and mortality and its prevention were presented and correct answer scored 1 and incorrect answer score 0. similarly, in this study the bivariate analysis showed that immunization is associated to infant mortality.

An Epidemiological Study on Infant Mortality and Factors Affecting it

secondly promotion of hand washing with soap while preparing food and infant feeding is also recommended. similarly, studies done in southwest ethiopia, brazil and india showed that, there is association between anc follow-up and infant mortality [11, 16, 22]. an understanding of factors related to infant mortality is important to guide the development of focused and evidence-based health interventions to reduce infant deaths. federal ministry of health of ethiopia has developed national strategy for child survival by 2005 with the overall objective to reduce under-five mortality by 52% from 2004 baseline. therefore promoting antenatal care follow up for all pregnant women, reducing the higher birth order and prolonging short birth interval though family planning will have the substantial effect in reducing the risk of infant mortality. this could be related to lower maternal nutrition status due to repeated pregnancy, resource competition among siblings, lack of adequate care and attention experienced by high-ranked infants. reducing infant and child mortality by two third from 1990 to 2015 is one of the millennium development goals (mdg) [4].

Research proposal 1 - Copy | Yehualashet Sahile -

second, survivals of infants are related to the past whereas available measures of household income and mother knowledge are current measures. even though the trend of infant mortality declining in ethiopia, it is still intolerably high. studies had reported significant association between fertility variable (short preceding birth interval and birth order) and infant mortality [10, 15, 18, 28–30]. of infant mortality in community of gilgel gibe field research center, southwest ethiopia: a matched case control studylamessa dube1, mohammed taha1email author and henok asefa1bmc public health201313:401doi: 10. different studies reported that infant and under-five mortality is influenced by social–economic status [7–15], birth weight [16], mother’s age [10, 17, 18], sex of infant [10, 19], breastfeeding [18, 20–22], immunization [21], interval from previous delivery [10, 21], birth order [10, 22], parity [21, 23], place of delivery [23] and etc. associations had been previously reported between immunization and the risks of infant mortality [14, 15, 17, 23]. the study covered 133 infants who died during infancy between january 2010 and february 2011 in the study area.Study abroad in japan essay

INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITY 8

bivariate conditional logistic regression models were fitted for each explanatory variable separately to identify those associated with infant mortality. bivariate analysis, educational status of mother, wealth index, family size, lack of radio, anc follow up, birth order with birth interval, birth size, immunization status of child, soap use for hand washing before feeding child, availability of latrine, type of roof, availability of windows, perceived benefits of mothers on modern treatments and prevention and good mother’s practice concerning breastfeeding, ors use during diarrhea, itn utilization and taking ill infants to health facility were significantly associated with infant mortality. also antenatal care protect early infant mortality through improving mothers nutritional status during pregnancy, tetanus toxoid immunization, giving care to mothers health events, either chronic disease or acute disease, during pregnancy and reducing prevalence of low birth weight by improving nutritional status of mother during pregnancy [16]. total of 254 infants’ mothers were interviewed, having the response rate of 95. this result is in line with study done previously on determinants of under-five mortality [14]. study identified anc follow up, birth size, hand washing habit of mothers with soap before preparation of food and feeding, perceived benefits of modern treatment, birth order and birth interval as a determinants of infant mortality. birth size was one of the determinants of infant mortality.Teenage obesity research paper

Proposal on the factor that affect child mortality in Ambo town

mortality rate is defined as the risk for a live-born child to die before its first birthday. conditional logistic regression method was used to identify determinant factors of infant mortality using epi-info 3.. health extension workers) to improve infant survival should focus on these determinants to reduce infant mortality. times higher among infants who were born after spacing of greater than or equal two years from the preceding birth and were fifth birth order or above [aor=2. behavioral factors, there was a significant association between negative perception on benefits of some modern treatment and infant mortality. hand washing with soap before feeding child was found to be significant in determining infant mortality. the risk of infant mortality among small size babies at birth were higher compared to those average and larger sized [aor=2.

American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: The

to realize this goal, the document recommended the higher institutions to take responsibility in the development of research proposals, with special emphasis on community-based research, which will ultimately be relevant for child survival [26]. proposal 1 - copy29 pagesresearch proposal 1 - copyuploaded byyehualashet sahile  connect to downloadget docxresearch proposal 1 - copydownloadresearch proposal 1 - copyuploaded byyehualashet sahileloading previewsorry, preview is currently unavailable. cases were all infants who were born alive from january 1, 2010 to february 29, 2011 and died before celebrating their first birth day. care follow-up, hand washing habit with soap before feeding child, birth size, perceived benefits of mothers to modern treatment, birth order and preceding birth interval were determinants of infant mortality. third, birth weight of infant was estimated by birth size as reported by mother, which is based on mother’s perception. but no community based studies have been conducted to identify determinants of infant mortality in ethiopia for the past two decades. at 5% level of significance, power of 90% and non-response rate of 5%, the number of cases and controls required were 266 (133 cases and 133 controls).


Research proposal on infant mortality rate

Infant Mortality: Research Activities and Scientific Advances

infant and child mortality in ethiopia had shown a continuous decline since 1960 onwards with a more pronounced reduction in the recent decades. since then studies were not done in this area on specified title even though infant mortality in the area is above the national average., anc follow up during pregnancy, size of child at birth, mother’s perceived benefits on modern treatment to common diseases, mothers hand washing with soap, birth order and birth interval were independent determinants of infant mortality (table 3)., the purpose of the study is to identify and see any change in determinants of infant mortality that would help in planning and implementing interventions to reduce infant deaths. million infant deaths in 2010 which accounts for almost 67 percent of under-five child mortality. of behavioral factors, perceived benefit of modern treatment of common diseases was found to be significant in determining infant mortality. proposal 1 - copy29 pagesresearch proposal 1 - copyuploaded byyehualashet sahile  connect to downloadget docxresearch proposal 1 - copydownloadresearch proposal 1 - copyuploaded byyehualashet sahileloading previewsorry, preview is currently unavailable. Thesis and antithesis but no synthesis

among infants whose birth order were two through four, the risk of dying were higher for those with preceding birth interval less than two years compared to those with more than or equal to two years of spacing [aor= 4. regarding the study area, recorded data from gilgel gibe field research center showed 65/1000 infant mortality rate which is higher than the national figure of edhs 2011. it was hypothesized that the time when colostrums would start to provide protection to the infant is 7 days after birth [14]. mortality accounts for almost 67 percent of under-five child mortality that occurs globally. however, this analysis focuses on those infants who survived at least 42 days of age. proposal 1 - copy29 pagesresearch proposal 1 - copyuploaded byyehualashet sahile  connect to downloadget docxresearch proposal 1 - copydownloadresearch proposal 1 - copyuploaded byyehualashet sahileloading previewsorry, preview is currently unavailable. study was conducted on determinants of infant mortality in 1992–94 in southwest ethiopia including gilgel gibe field research center, had reported that birth weight, sex of infants, types of birth, marital status, education, family size, antenatal care follow-up and soap use were determinants of infant mortality [11]. Thesis statement on tattoos

Sitemap