In the Newsmostly though it was upbeat apart from the obvious question of what were humans going to be left to do once routine thought was no longer needed the upbeat answer being we were left with better thinking to do. reason that it is worth doing, of course, is that when one thinks about machines that think, inevitably one must think about how _we_ think. this is a collection of essays and i was expecting something else. "the better angels of our nature: the decline of violence in history and its causes by stephen pinker". unfortunately, the idea of ai safety has been more challenging to popularize than, say, biosafety, because people have rather poor intuitions when it comes to thinking about nonhuman minds. others have sought a middle ground between pinker's nativism and sampson's culturalism. none of these essays gets far enough into the meat of this issue to be really useful, it's a lot of people shouting "brilliant ai companions / overlords are inevitable and great! some essays where interesting, others a bit vague and philosophical. a collection of short essays on ai by large number of disparate scientists and experts in their respective fields it is bound to happen that quality of science and value from puritan point of view may not be consistent and homogeneous.[w]hat kind of a thinking machine might find its own place in slow conversations over the centuries, mediated by land and water? sense of style: the thinking person's guide to writing in the 21st century (september 30, 2014). one prominent opponent of pinker's view is geoffrey sampson whose 1997 book, educating eve: the 'language instinct' debate has been described as the "definitive response" to pinker's book. this is a collection of <200, more or less thoughtful essays on "machines that think. starmixed bag of incredibly short "chapters" or rather opinion essays by a variety of well-known scientists and other specialists (not necessarily in the robotics field). it also aroused criticism on a variety of grounds, such as whether deaths per capita was an appropriate metric, pinker's atheism, lack of moral leadership, excessive focus on europe (though the book covers other areas), the interpretation of historical data, and its image of indigenous people. george church :: what do you care what other machines think? whether to explain how ai is very different, or to explain why it's destined to become very similar, it is nearly always necessary to grapple with questions such as:- what is thinking, anyway?
Resume de zadig chapitre par chapitre
What to Think About Machines That Think: Today's Leading Thinkers one of the short ones looks like the author was declining the invitation to contribute (roughly, "i don't think that machines think, so i don't have much to say"). i've listened to three of the other series of essays edited by brockman, and in general i found them satisfying much as i find a good las vegas buffet, while i'm doing it i think it's the greatest thing in the world, but after i'm done i'm not sure it was the right thing to do. the essays are short enough you don't have too feel stupid for too long before another idea comes along you can wrap your head around (the final few essays in the book were just too far from my mental comfort zone for me and were essentially incomprehensible). stuffing 186 essays on a similar subject into one books makes for a rather monotonous read.” at the very least, its development raises complicated moral issues with powerful real-world implications—for us and for our machines. the conclusion this reader draws from these essays is a conditional - probably not. few gems among many essays that seem to have little original or useful in them. one of the short ones looks like the author was declining the invitation to contribute (roughly, "i don't think that machines think, so i don't have much t. i think about the machines that can think, i think of them as technology that needs to be developed with similar (if not greater!'t quite finished it yet, but i don't think thatmatters, as it's a collection of essays in no particular order. large number of academics, writers, scientists, and business people were asked: "what do you think about machines that think? the stuff of thought (2007), pinker looks at a wide range of issues around the way words related to thoughts on the one hand, and to the world outside ourselves on the other. i believe, machines that think will eventually follow ethical principles. though thinking is an activity considered essential to humanity, there is no general consensus as to how we define or understand it. us, the thinking machines we make will be ambitious, hungry for power—both physical and computational—but nuanced with the shadows of evolution.’ve excerpted passages from each of the essays below, focusing on discussions of ai motivations and outcomes." and this book collects their answers in short essay form.
Resume of technology consultant
Thought - Wikipedia 2009, david shenk criticized pinker for siding with the "nature" argument and for "never once acknowledg[ing] gene-environment interaction or epigenetics" in an article on nature versus nurture in the new york times. answer to the question posed by the book's title, is that we cannot truly know what to think about our own thinking, or each other's. this is a collection of <200, more or less thoughtful essays on "machines that think. "words and rules" is also the title of an essay by pinker outlining many of the topics discussed in the book.^ "my genome, my self" by steven pinker the new york times sunday magazine accessed 10 april 2010. our latest incarnation on the path of evolution we have dubbed ourselves homo sapiens – thinking humans, but before we reached this heady state we were homo habilis - tool-making humans. is most thought-provoking in these thought-provoking times, is that we are still not thinking. coming shock isn’t from machines that think, but machines that use ai to augment our perception. i wish it was better edited - the themes get repetitive quickly, and some essays suffer from unwarranted glibness that can come off as smug to a non-scientist. of short pieces about machine "thinking" and robots taking replacing most humans. we can’t control intelligent machines on the long run, can we at least build them to act morally?. cesar hidalgo :: machines don’t think, but neither do people037. to think about machines that think: today's leading thinkers on the age of machine intelligence. a november 2014 episode of the point of inquiry podcast, host lindsay beyerstein, asked pinker how his style guide was different from the many guides that already exist. if it's output gives the impression it is making choices about alternatives, its thinking. is a good collection of essays that i think could have been great with a bit more curation., sometimes a machine is doing some really very simple thinking but so do a lot of things with organic brains.
The Computational Theory of Mind (Stanford Encyclopedia ofto think about machines that think: today's leading thinkers on the age of machine intelligence. some essays where interesting, others a bit vague and philosophical. martin heidegger's phenomenological analyses of the existential structure of man in being and time cast new light on the issue of thinking, unsettling traditional cognitive or rational interpretations of man which affect the way we understand thought. still, i'm giving this four stars because the good essays are really thought-provoking.'s no way they should have compiled these random thoughts about thinking machines into a book form. either"i define thinking narrowly, so based on my definition, these purported examples of machine thought don't qualify" or"i define thinking broadly, and here are some examples of machines doing it"too many just give opinions of what will be possible in the future, without supporting evidence or even logic. stuffing 186 essays on a similar subject into one books makes for a rather monotonous read. words and rules: the ingredients of language (1999), pinker argues from his own research that regular and irregular phenomena are products of computation and memory lookup, respectively, and that language can be understood as an interaction between the two., style and writing in the 21st century: with steven pinker, royal institution, october 2015. we’ve designed machines to act the way we do: they help drive our cars, fly our airplanes, route our packages, approve our loans, screen our messages, recommend our entertainment, suggest our next potential romantic partners, and enable our doctors to diagnose what ails us. in how the mind works, pinker reiterates immanuel kant's view that music is not in itself an important cognitive phenomenon, but that it happens to stimulate important auditory and spatio-motor cognitive functions.'t quite finished it yet, but i don't think thatmatters, as it's a collection of essays in no particular order. pinker argued that language depends on two things, the associative remembering of sounds and their meanings in words, and the use of rules to manipulate symbols for grammar. 1988 pinker and alan prince published an influential critique of a connectionist model of the acquisition of the past tense (a textbook problem in language acquisition), followed by a series of studies of how people use and acquire the past tense. machines that execute core mental tasks such as reasoning,Decision-making, problem solving, and so on."but about a fifth of the essays were interesting, dealing with the topic in a more in-depth, nuanced, or uniquely-angled manner. his brother robert is a policy analyst for the canadian government, while his sister, susan pinker, is a psychologist and writer who authored the sexual paradox and the village effect.
Steven Pinker - Wikipedia gladwell replied, disputing pinker's comments about the importance of iq on teaching performance and by analogy, the effect, if any, of draft order on quarterback performance in the national football league. there were some really interesting perspectives, but also some redundancy due to the sheer volume of essays. "a decade after steven pinker's the blank slate, why is human nature still taboo? the essays are loosely grouped, with concepts from one echoed, and often refuted, in another. thinking, a portrait of the chán patriarch dazu huike attributed to the 10th-century painter shi ke. machines will think about the same thing that intelligent humans do—how to improve their futures by making themselves freer. some of them you've probably heard about: steven pinker, tim o'reilly, douglas coupland, brian eno. starmixed bag of incredibly short "chapters" or rather opinion essays by a variety of well-known scientists and other specialists (not necessarily in the robotics field). assumptions underlying the nativist view have also been criticised in jeffrey elman's rethinking innateness: a connectionist perspective on development, which defends the connectionist approach that pinker attacked. have concentrated on thinking as an intellectual exertion aimed at finding an answer to a question or the solution of a practical problem. on the plus side, it has made me less nervous about the possibility of robot apocalypse, and many of the essays are well-written and warmheartedly. (they can cause other, attached machines to do that, but what those attached machines do is not the accomplishment of computers. none of these essays gets far enough into the meat of this issue to be really useful, it's a lot of people shouting "brilliant ai companions / overlords are inevitable and great! the world becomes ever more dominated by technology, john brockman’s latest addition to the acclaimed and bestselling “edge question series” asks more than 175 leading scientists, philosophers, and artists: what do you think about machines that think? machines instructed to “educate this recently displaced worker (or young person) the best way possible” will create jobs and possibly inspire the next generation. on the plus side, it has made me less nervous about the possibility of robot apocalypse, and many of the essays are well-written and warmheartedly pro-human.^ "professor stephen pinker", new college of the humanities, accessed 4 november 2014.
What to Think About Machines That Think: Today's Leading Thinkerseditors have done a good job in ordering the answers so the essay you are currently reading has a relevance to the essay you have just read. large number of academics, writers, scientists, and business people were asked: "what do you think about machines that think? none of the excerpts is intended to distill the content of the entire essay, so you’re encouraged to read the full essay if an excerpt interests you. psycholinguistics, pinker became known early in his career for promoting computational learning theory as a way to understand language acquisition in children. the "we know it when we see it" argument is going to fail with machines because we are never likely to "see it". turing machines or other inappropriate tools drawn from logic and. other books, how the mind works (1997) and the blank slate (2002), broadly surveyed the mind and defended the idea of a complex human nature with many mental faculties that are adaptive (pinker is an ally of daniel dennett and richard dawkins in many disputes surrounding adaptationism). just like machines that move, cook, reproduce, protect, they can make our lives easier, and perhaps even better. the "essays" are stubs that are not long enough to discuss anything in depth. our thinking machines will be smarter than we are, and the machines they make will be smarter still., however, is not the only approach to thinking in modern western philosophy. another major theme in pinker's theories is that human cognition works, in part, by combinatorial symbol-manipulation, not just associations among sensory features, as in many connectionist models. "peace in our time: steven pinker's history of violence in decline". 1982 until 2003, pinker taught at the department of brain and cognitive sciences at mit, and eventually became the director of the center for cognitive neuroscience, taking a one-year sabbatical at the university of california, santa barbara, in 1995–96.” martin rees predicts the end of organic thinking, while daniel c. west describes pinker as "no polemicist, and he leaves readers to draw their own conclusions"." i specifically hope he was thinking about this exchange:creature: did you ever consider the consequences of your actions?
The bass the river and sheila mant essay
What to think about machines that think - Future of Life Institute, 2002, “in defense of massive modularity”,In language, brain, and cognitive development: essays in honor of.: an earlier version of this post said that the open philanthropy project was citing what to think about machines that think, rather than “the myth of ai. to think about machines that think,Be the first to ask a question about what to think about machines that think. pinker said it was unlikely since the decline in violence happened too rapidly to be explained by genetic changes. they study various aspects of thinking, including the psychology of reasoning, and how people make decisions and choices, solve problems, as well as engage in creative discovery and imaginative thought. pinker further argued that since the ten most frequently occurring english verbs (be, have, do, say, make . i love books on or about thinking machines and intelligence. it's not just about robots walking among us (consider distributed thinking with input from all over the place), nor semantics (if "no machine will ever think," we'll have autonomous cognitive systems making decisions affecting us anyway). due to the short length of each essay and the repetitiveness, this book makes a good bathroom reader. to think about machines that think is a collection of essays by some of the most prominent scientists and experts in the field of artificial intelligence. machines with malevolent minds have been a staple of science fiction for as long as the genre has been around (think terminator’s skynet, or hal going rogue in 2001 a space odyssey), but does the future of ai really threaten humanity? many of the essays just go over the same ground. in his 1996 book impossible minds, the machine intelligence researcher igor aleksander calls the language instinct excellent, and argues that pinker presents a relatively soft claim for innatism, accompanied by a strong dislike of the 'standard social sciences model' or sssm (pinker's term), which supposes that development is purely dependent on culture. i wish it was better edited - the themes get repetitive quickly, and some essays suffer from unwarranted glibness that can come off as smug to a non-scientist. mary catherine bateson :: when thinking machines are not a boon115. bensinger2015-11-20 12:26:152015-11-20 12:26:42what to think about machines that think. brown mentored pinker through his thesis; pinker stated that brown's "funny and instructive" book words and things (1958) was one of the inspirations for the language instinct.
In the News The case of marjorie winkler psychology essay
Rationally Speaking: Steven Pinker embraces scientism. Bad moveevery essay in this book are worth not only reading, but also putting aside and ruminating over before you move on to the next one. to think about machines that think: today's leading thinkers on the age of machine intelligence. i was insulted by the simplistic nature and the lack of thoughts that were put into most of the essays (and i'm really not easily insulted! "all pinker (and the connectionists) are doing is turning over the rocks at the base of the intellectual landslide caused by the chomskian revolution. arthur "steve" pinker (born september 18, 1954) is a canadian-born american cognitive scientist, psychologist, linguist, and popular science author. no matter how much we try to avoid it, we’re going to have machines that break the law. reality of pinker's proposed language instinct, and the related claim that grammar is innate and genetically based, has been contested by many linguists.- what would happen if i just became a cog in a thinking machine that was composed of all of humanity and all its machines, and it became conscious on a level i could never hope to achieve? editors have done a good job in ordering the answers so the essay you are currently reading has a relevance to the essay you have just read. if digital computers are an alternative substrate for thinking and consciousness, and digital technology is growing exponentially, then we face an explosion of thinking and awareness. 2008, he has chaired the usage panel of the american heritage dictionary, and wrote the essay on usage for the fifth edition of the dictionary, which was published in 2011. the world becomes ever more dominated by technology, john brockman’s latest addition to the acclaimed and bestselling “edge question series” asks more than 175 leading scientists, philosophers, and artists: what do you think about machines that think? are already talking about programming morality into thinking machines, and we can imagine programming other human tendencies into our machines, but we’re certainly going to get it wrong. expansive collection of essays concerning artificial intelligence and how it could impact our world, both from pro and con perspectives.&a – linguistics, style and writing with steven pinker, royal institution, october 2015. machines told to “detect and pull broken widgets from the conveyer belt the best way possible” will be extremely useful, intellectually uninteresting, and will likely destroy more jobs than they will create. only real guess about this travesty of a book is that it was written by a computer program to prove that machines can't think, because this book gave me nothing (with very few exceptions, sean carroll, nick bostrom, and a couple of others had things to say).
The great debaters book report, i love books on or about thinking machines and intelligence. machines would probably learn that it is good to network and cooperate, to decide in other-regarding ways, and to pay attention to systemic outcomes. nonetheless, for safety, we should consider designing intelligent machines to maximize the future freedom of action of humanity rather than their own (reproducing asimov’s laws of robotics as a happy side effect). pinker is also noted for having identified the rename of phillip morris to altria as an "egregious example" of phonesthesia - with the company attempting to "switch its image from bad people who sell addictive carcinogens to a place or state marked by altruism and other lofty values"., enriching, and accessible, what to think about machines that think may just be a practical guide to the not-so-distant future. theories - the stuff of thought (steven pinker, noam chomsky) – the linguistic and cognitive theory that thought is based on syntactic and linguistic recursion processes. steven pinker established an effective rebuttal to this line of thinking very early on, and thus, every subsequent argument that 'extreme, human-like ai is near at hand' seemed ridiculous (as i agree with pinker), and every bald argument that 'it isn't close at hand' seemed obvious. not having a job (thinking machines eat everyone's paid employment in the end) will just free up more hours to fill with mindless activities. pass the turing test even though these machines do not come. other essays are by scientists actually working on ai: knowing how difficult it is to teach these machines to do the smallest thing, they generally think that everyone else is unduly panicking about what ai can eventually accomplish. due to the short length of each essay and the repetitiveness, this book makes a good bathroom reader. refers to ideas or arrangements of ideas that are the result of the process of thinking. imagine humanity('s descendants) in 2200, and it'll turn out completely different precisely because of what happens under "machines that think. recently i spent an hour reading the news about the middle east, and thinking.^ "steven pinker: the mind reader" by ed douglas the guardian accessed 3 february 2006. steven pinker's new book reveals an ever more peaceable species: humankind". only problem i have with it is that the format of short essays can get kind of old, and changes the style a lot. Tomorrow when the war began survival essay - ^ "surfaces and essences: analogy as the fuel and fire of thinking" by douglas hofstadter and emmanuel sander, april 23, 2013, published by basic books, isbn 978-0465018475. so, if we want such “diseases of today’s society” to be healed, it might be better if we let machines evolve their own, superior ethics. pinker responded to a question about epigenetics as a possibility for the decline in violence in a lecture for the bbc world service.^ "the stuff of thought: language as a window into human nature" by steven pinker, august 26, 2008, published by penguin books, isbn 978-0143114246. pinker compares music to "auditory cheesecake", stating that "as far as biological cause and effect is concerned, music is useless". lots of people are calling it different names: pseudointelligence, "big data", algorithms, artificial learning, but it is all the same thing -- building the structures to allow machines to reason independently, thus becoming, in a sense, artificial people. “deep” in deep learning refers to the architecture of the machines doing the learning: they consist of many layers of interlocking logical elements, in analogue to the “deep” layers of interlocking neurons in the brain. it's not just about robots walking among us (consider distributed thinking with input from all over the place), nor semantics (if "no machine will ever think," we'll have autonomous cognitive systems making decisions affecting us anyway)."outline of a theory of thought-processes and thinking machines" (caianiello) – thought processes and mental phenomena modeled by sets of mathematical equations. "dig-dug, think-thunk (review of words and rules by steven pinker)". social commentators such as ed west, author of the diversity illusion, consider pinker important and daring in his willingness to confront taboos, as in the blank slate.^ "steven pinker: how our minds evolved" by robert wright time accessed 8 february 2006. but first we need to worry about putting machines in charge of decisions that they don’t have the intelligence to make. the book's topic, the english past tense, is in yang's view unglamorous, and pinker's attempts at compromise risk being in no man's land between rival theories. i mostly read it as a nightstand book, reading most often a single entry before turning out the light, and thinking over what i had just been told, by one of the smartest, cleverest, and in most cases wisest people on the planet., i find the ethical side of thinking machines straightforward: their danger will correlate exactly with how much leeway we give them in fulfilling the goals we set for them. the article also presaged pinker's argument in the language instinct..
most of the rest of us sit about watching dumb tv shows and playing video games before the advent of machines that think for us. few gems among many essays that seem to have little original or useful in them. i'm not against non-experts opining on topic matters outside of their field of expertise, but at least they should give a little bit of thought on the topic before they submit an essay. the point of thinking about machines that think, is that it makes you think about how _you_ think, and w hy., attention, care, or regard ("he took no thought of his appearance" and "i did it without thinking. analysis holds that oscar is thinking not about water but. his answer,The thinking person's guide because i don't issue dictates from on high as most manuals do but explain why the various guidelines will improve writing, what they do for language, what they do for the reader's experience, in the hope that the users will apply the rules judiciously knowing what they are designed to accomplish, rather than robotically.^ pinker, steven, the blank slate: the modern denial of human nature (viking, 2002), p. i don't need to read 200 essays about 'why i shouldn't buy stock in a company that employs nothing but cheese and is run by a canoe,' and i didn't need to read 199 essays saying 'we either will or will not be attacked by robots. these books were language learnability and language development (1984), in pinker's words "outlin[ing] a theory of how children acquire the words and grammatical structures of their mother tongue", and learnability and cognition: the acquisition of argument structure (1989), in pinker's words "focus[ing] on one aspect of this process, the ability to use different kinds of verbs in appropriate sentences, such as intransitive verbs, transitive verbs, and verbs taking different combinations of complements and indirect objects". they won’t refrain from doing something because of what other machines might think. to think about machines that think: today's leading thinkers on the age of machine intelligencegoodreads rating: 3. his jewish background pinker has said, "i was never religious in the theological sense . to make it easier to dive into the collection, i’ve collected a shorter list of links — the 32 argumentative essays written by computer scientists and software engineers. Troy said: This book holds 200 essays, and most of them are crap. good wrote “an ultraintelligent machine could design even better machines; there would then unquestionably be an ‘intelligence explosion,’ and the intelligence of man would be left far behind. the existential threat posed by superintelligent machines, steven pinker questions the likelihood of a robot uprising.
 helga vierich and cathryn townsend wrote a critical review of pinker’s sweeping "civilizational” explanations for patterns of human violence and warfare in response to a lecture he gave at cambridge university in september 2015. or what if the thinking machine was not replacing any individual entity, but was used as a concept to help understand the combination of human, natural and technological activities that create the sea’s margin, and our response to it? machines commanded to “survive, reproduce, and improve the best way possible” will give us the most insight into all of the different ways in which entities may think, but will probably give us humans a very short window of time in which to do so." in the appendix to the 2007 reprinted edition of the language instinct, pinker cited why our children can't read by cognitive psychologist diane mcguinness as his favorite book on the subject and noted:One raging public debate involving language went unmentioned in the language instinct: the "reading wars," or dispute over whether children should be explicitly taught to read by decoding the sounds of words from their spelling (loosely known as "phonics") or whether they can develop it instinctively by being immersed in a text-rich environment (often called "whole language"). on the debate around the blank slate, pinker called thomas sowell's book a conflict of visions "wonderful", and explained that "the tragic vision" and the "utopian vision" are the views of human nature behind right- and left-wing ideologies.. peter norvig :: design machines to deal with the world’s complexity061. the real risk of developing more capable machines is not from the machines themselves, but the use that humans will make of them. of thought - topic tree that identifies many types of thoughts, types of thinking, aspects of thought, related fields, and more. a collection of short essays on ai by large number of disparate scientists and experts in their respective fields it is bound to happen that quality of science and value from puritan point of view may not be consistent and homogeneous. pinker married nancy etcoff in 1980 and they divorced in 1992; he married ilavenil subbiah in 1995 and they too divorced. did human chess players give up trying to compete with machines? i've listened to three of the other series of essays edited by brockman, and in general i found them satisfying much as i find a good las vegas buffet, while i'm doing it i think it's the greatest thing in the world, but after i'm done i'm not sure it was the right thing to do. steve omohundro, nick bostrom, and others have explained, the combination of value misalignment with increasingly capable decision-making systems can lead to problems—perhaps even species-ending problems if the machines are more capable than humans. the image is used by pinker in the better angels of our nature, with the comment "as the housebook illustrations suggest, [the knights] did not restrict their killing to other knights". pinker criticizes several widely held ideas about language – that it needs to be taught, that people's grammar is poor and getting worse with new ways of speaking, the sapir–whorf hypothesis that language limits the kinds of thoughts a person can have, and that other great apes can learn languages.’ve previously responded to brooks, with a short aside speaking to steven pinker’s contribution. would have been better served by taking the money i paid for this "book" and going to a bar and buying a picture of beer and talking about thinking machines with three random strangers than i was by these essays. Trinity college politics essay-  advanced nfl stats addressed the issue statistically, siding with pinker and showing that differences in methodology could explain the two men's differing opinions. from the occasional person who really knows what (s)he's talking about, this collection of essays reads like a bunch of laypeople mouthing off about things they know very little about. to think about machines that think is a collection of essays by some of the most prominent scientists and experts in the field of artificial intelligence. the term “social machine” is currently used to describe endeavours that are purposeful interaction of people and machines—wikipedia and the like—so the “landscape machine” perhaps. machines don’t have a rich inner world, or thoughts, or dreams, or self-awareness. 1990, pinker, with paul bloom, published the paper "natural language and natural selection", arguing that the human language faculty must have evolved through natural selection. act or system of thinking ("i was frazzled from too much thought.^ a b "steven pinker: using grammar as a tool, not as a weapon". "book review: 'the better angels of our nature: the decline of violence in history and its causes', by steven pinker". in the 2007 interview with the point of inquiry podcast, pinker states that he would "defend atheism as an empirically supported view. essays are now out in book form, and serve as a good quick-and-dirty tour of common ideas about smarter-than-human ai. thinking endows machines with humanlike motives - we are very quick to anthropomorphize - but machine intelligence is nothing like human intelligence, and even research into ‘wetware’, that replicates the brain’s neural wiring through reverse engineering, won’t produce an intelligence similar to our own. 2009, pinker wrote a mixed review of malcolm gladwell's essays in the new york times criticizing his analytical methods. it is a compilation of several hundred short essays by some of the planet’s top experts on the subject and quite a few non-affiliated rather smart people who have taken the time to think about the subject. computer revolution transformed discussion of these questions,Offering our best prospects yet for machines that emulate reasoning,Decision-making, problem solving, perception, linguistic. alison gopnik :: can machines ever be as smart as three-year-olds?^ pinker has written a piece on the irregular verbs, stating that "i like the irregular verbs of english, all 180 of them, because of what they tell us about the history of the language and the human minds that have perpetuated it.