Wizard of oz populism thesis

Political interpretations of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz - Wikipedia

The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism Author(s): Henry M

. hugh rockoff, "the 'wizard of oz' as a monetary allegory," journal of political economy 98 (1990): 739, 751. in the summer of 1896, the year of the election that would mark what has been called "the climax of populism," baum published a poem in a chicago newspaper:When mckinley gets the chair, boys,There'll be a jollification. perhaps we can no longer say that baum wrote the wonderful wizard of oz "as an allegory of the silver movement," but we can still read it as an allegory of the silver movement--or, as henry littlefield noted just two years ago, "we can bring our own symbolism to it. hence in 1988 the utne reader praised a newspaper article for "expos[ing] oz as a parable on populism," a movement that had been critical of "eastern banks and railroads, which [populists] charged with oppressing farmers and industrial workers. one would be hard pressed to find any character, setting, or event in the wonderful wizard of oz that does not have a "populist parable" analogy.

The Wizard of Oz as a satirical allegory of money and politics in 1900

in 1897, he founded the show window, the first journal ever devoted to decorating store windows, and in 1900 (the same year as the wonderful wizard of oz), he published the art of decorating dry goods windows and interiors, the first book on the subject. beck goes deep into "the wonderful wizard of oz," book & gold, silver, hugh rockoff's allegory., educators discovered littlefield's usefulness in teaching populism and related topics. but jensen then proceeded to add two new points to the standard littlefield interpretation, finding analogies for toto and oz itself: dorothy's faithful dog represented the teetotaling prohibitionists, an important part of the silverite coalition, and anyone familiar with the silverites' slogan "16 to 1"--that is, the ratio of sixteen ounces of silver to one ounce of gold--would have instantly recognized "oz" as the abbreviation for "ounce. (this was the reason littlefield, at the time a high school teacher, developed his analysis in the first place; the correspondences between populism and the wonderful wizard of oz, he wrote, "furnish a teaching mechanism which is guaranteed to reach any level of student.

Oz Populism Theory

he was tremendously successful in this, producing not only the first real american fairy tale, but one that showed american society and culture in all its wonderful diversity and contradictions, a story so rich it can be, like the book's title character, anything we want it to be--including, if we wish, a parable on populism. littlefield, "the wizard of oz: parable on populism," american quarterly 16 (1964): 47-58 (quotation on 54); l. the 1980s, littlefield's interpretation had become the standard line on the wonderful wizard of oz. most extensive treatment of the littlefield thesis is an article by hugh rockoff in the journal of political economy. genovese described the wonderful wizard of oz as "the story of the sad collapse of populism and the issues upon which the movement was based.

The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism Author(s): Henry M


. martin gardner, "the royal historian of oz," in gardner and russel b. littlefield looked at the wonderful wizard of oz and saw things no one had seen there before. in the preface to the wonderful wizard of oz, baum stated that he wanted to write a new sort of children's story: a modernized, american story, shorn of all the old world images and motifs. durden, the climax of populism: the election of 1896 (lexington, 1965); chicago times herald, 12 july 1896, quoted in new york times, 20 dec." littlefield described all sorts of hidden meanings and allusions to gilded age society in the wonderful wizard of oz: the wicked witch of the east represented eastern industrialists and bankers who controlled the people (the munchkins); the scarecrow was the wise but naive western farmer; the tin woodman stood for the dehumanized industrial worker; the cowardly lion was william jennings bryan, populist presidential candidate in 1896; the yellow brick road, with all its dangers, was the gold standard; dorothy's silver slippers (judy garland's were ruby red, but baum originally made them silver) represented the populists' solution to the nation's economic woes ("the free and unlimited coinage of silver"); emerald city was washington, d.

AP US History 2012 q1 - College Board

")(8) the journal social education suggested using the wonderful wizard of oz to help secondary school students understand the issues behind populism, and i myself proposed the littlefield thesis as a possible lecture topic in an instructor's manual for a popular college-level textbook. rockoff, who saw in the wonderful wizard of oz "a sophisticated commentary on the political and economic debates of the populist era," discovered a surprising number of new analogies. given the mounting evidence against it--given that littlefield himself has admitted that it has "no basis in fact"--should we forget the whole notion of the wonderful wizard of oz as a parable on populism? this could explain why the wonderful wizard of oz is richer and more vivid than baum's later books in the series (he wrote 13 others, from the marvelous land of oz to glinda of oz): after that original volume, the characters and settings were no longer unknown--from the second book on, readers had encountered them before--and so baum had less reason to use american images as the basis for his descriptions. and as good as some of those later books are, an ozian oz(described on its own terms) was nowhere near as fascinating as an american oz.

The Wizard of Oz: Social Commentary on the Populist Movement

that the wizard is a 'parable on populism,' but it does share many of the populist concerns and biases.. michael dregni, "the politics of oz," utne reader 28 (july/august 1988): 32-33. nye, the wizard of oz and who he was (east lansing, mich. furthermore, the wonderful wizard of oz reflected baum's belief in theosophy, a spiritualist/occultist quasi-religious movement that was popular in the late nineteenth century. funkhouser, "inquiry, 'oz,' and populism," social education 51 (1987): 282-83; thomas s.

The Wizard of Oz as a satirical allegory of money and politics in 1900

Following the Yellow Brick Road: The Real Story Behind 'The

for other examples of educators and the littlefield thesis, see michael gessel, "tale of a parable," baum bugle 36 (spring 1992): 19-23." it was through this positive thinking, and not through any magic of the wizard, that dorothy and her companions (as well as everyone else in oz) got what they wanted. baum gave us a delightful and unforgettable way of illustrating a number of gilded age issues, from populism and the silver movement to the gilded age presidency, from the problems of labor to the insurrection in the philippines. wonderful wizard of oz is one of america's favorite pieces of juvenile literature. "the wonderful wizard of oz was an optimistic secular theraputic text," wrote leach.

What Is Wizard of Oz Really About: 7 Theories -- Vulture

the baum bugle is published by the international wizard of oz club. "baum's story was an apt metaphor or parable of progressivism, not populism. beck goes deep into "the wonderful wizard of oz," book & gold, silver, hugh rockoff's allegory. wonderful wizard of oz was no longer an innocent fairy tale.'s political affiliation was a big part of littlefield's argument for seeing the wonderful wizard of oz as a populist allegory.

: The Historian's Wizard of Oz: Reading L. Frank

. gene clanton, populism: the humane preference in america, 1890-1900 (boston, 1991), 149-50. years after baum's death in 1919, the best biography of him was a twenty-five-page sketch written by martin gardner for a new edition of the wonderful wizard of oz in 1957.. one could try to reconcile the differences by suggesting that the wonderful wizard of oz was not so much about the populists themselves as it was about the culture that gave rise to the populists. the wonderful wizard of oz "mirrored perfectly the middle-ground ideology that was fundamental among those who favored reform yet opposed populism," wrote clanton. Frank BaumThe rise and fall of the wonderful wizard of oz as a "parable on populism".