'Women in Science & Technology' essay contest's winners announced is pervasive in science, and a big problem is a simple lack of awareness. in 2013, the grolier club in new york hosted a "landmark exhibition" titled "extraordinary women in science & medicine: four centuries of achievement", showcasing the lives and works of 32 women scientists. “although women and girls make up approximately 50 per cent of the global population, they have access to much less than half of the resources in terms of technology, financing, land, training and education, and information” (applying a gender lens to science, technology and innovation, 12). the editors, anna reser and leila mcneill, have collected many of the essays written and put them together into a new anthology called, of course, lady science, available for free at smashwords. plait writes slate’s bad astronomy blog and is an astronomer, public speaker, science evangelizer, and author of death from the skies! president lawrence summers's recent comments about possible causes of the under-representation of women in science and engineering have generated extensive debate and discussion -- much of which has had the untoward effect of shifting the focus of the debate to history rather than to the futurethe question we must ask as a society is not "can women excel in math, science, and engineering? men dominated the chemistry, medical sciences, and engineering, while women dominated the fields of botany, zoology, and psychology. druyan is an american writer, lecturer and producer specializing in cosmology and popular science. they influence the distribution of social roles, as well, and, naturally, they try to save status quo with male dominance in different spheres, and science and technology are not an exception. the email included comments from an anonymous reviewer, which included the suggestion that male authors be added in order to improve the quality of the science and serve as a means of ensuring that incorrect interpretations of the data are not included. to enter the fields of science and technology, women need to believe in themselves, are free to be who they are, and to receive greater encouragement.
The History and Philosophy of Women in Science: A Review Essay cultivating women, cultivating science: flora's daughters and botany in england, 1760 to 1860. the early 1980s, margaret rossiter presented two concepts for understanding the statistics behind women in science as well as the disadvantages women continued to suffer.:81–91 this causes women to seek other women in science to converse with, which in turn causes their final work to be looked down upon, for a male scientist was not involved.^ "sally ride science brings cutting-edge science to the classroom with new content rich classroom sets". other factors include bias in hiring women, bias in salaries, and the traditional gender roles played out in family life (women who are parents tend to leave science careers at a far higher rate than men). yonath, the first woman from the middle east to win a nobel prize in the sciences, was awarded the nobel prize in chemistry in 2009 for her studies on the structure and function of the ribosome. she is also known for her popularization of science, in particular space exploration. and in the biological and agricultural sciences, the number of doctorates earned by women rose from 12 percent to 43. this new science included the study of "consumer nutrition" and environmental education. gender roles were largely defined in the eighteenth century, women experienced great advances in science. on women's participation in the "hard" sciences such as physics and computer science speaks of the "leaky pipeline" model, in which the proportion of women "on track" to potentially becoming top scientists fall off at every step of the way, from getting interested in science and maths in elementary school, through doctorate, postdoctoral, and career steps.