Women with facial hair and thesis

History of Hair Removal

Hair Matters: African American Women and the Natural Hair Aesthetic

on this blog, i have thought that male pubic hair is also often “edited” out, or at least deemphasized.. i just wanted to point out that the spanish physician who mentions the excess of body hair and other masculine issues of a woman may be stumbling on a hormone imbalance or even what we know call pcos in women, particularly when added up with infertility issues..edu/jacquelinespicer) is working on italian renaissance cosmetics, and has a big database of recipes – it might be useful for you to get in touch with her. article, though i thought you moved on from the idea that hairless renaissance art was the cause of the hairless fashion of the time a little too quickly- felt like the point was lost., in beards: an archaeological and historical overview, the author notes:Beards have been ascribed various symbolic attributes, such as sexual virility, wisdom and high social status, but conversely barbarism, eccentricity and satanism. study of cosmetics has been dismissed as frivolous – and that’s certainly still the reaction of some colleagues. i have an african friend who’d tell me she’d have a lot of arab women come to her for the treatment as by nature they are hairy. think as most supposed witches belonged to the common people it is possible to conclude that most common women didnt remove their pubic hair. i recall ancient roman sources of vigorous and painful removal of armpit hair from bath scenes and tweezers from antiquity are still being found. i have a research blog for putting out ideas and research more quickly than traditional publishing allows, and also to include thoughts, material and info that won't fit in an article or book. effie gray explained in a letter of five years later “he had imagined women were quite different to what he saw i was, and that the reason he did not make me his wife was because he was disgusted with my person”.” the recipe offered “to take away hair” called for “the shells of fifty two eggs, beat them small, and still them withj a good fire, and with the water anoint your self where you would have the hair off; or else cats dung that is hard & dryed, beaten to a powder, & tempered with strong vinegar, and anionted on the place. later some women come to lozana for some cosmetics and ointments, and also ask lozana to “teach me and my cousin here how to shave off female hair, since that’s the way our husbands like it. in short, the study involved spraying some pathogens on some bearded guys faces (specifically 73 day old beards), washing the faces using one of two methods (figure 1), and then collecting some beard dust to see if the pathogens were still there (figure 2). for example, francisco delicado’s la lozana andaluza, was published in venice in 1528. both women and men reported heavy stubble and full beards to be more attractive when presented with a set of faces in which beards were rare. in one study, full beards rated highest for parenting ability and healthiness, while in another, bearded men with an aggressive facial expression were rated as significantly more aggressive than the same men when clean-shaven. go to a baths or a hot room and smear medicine over the area to be depilated. pubes and leftover menstrual blood were believed to attract and harbor the evil eye which might cause migraines, grouchiness, and speaking to one’s husband in a less than soft and deferential tone. the trotula’s three recipes for hair removal are all variations of this technique in fact – and this perhaps is telling; the books of secrets written from the turn of the sixteenth century onwards have a proliferation of recipes for hair removal. have you read breanne fahs work on pubic and body hair ? this would be consistent with the proliferation of hair-removal recipes, certainly.

Hair Matters: African American Women and the Natural Hair Aesthetic

Beards in Academia - Academia Obscura

hasan, i think there is a long history of body hair removal, which must have gone on through the middle ages too – but not a great deal of written evidence for it.'m a senior lecturer in renaissance art history at the university of edinburgh, and the associate editor of the journal renaissance studies. the opposite temperature creates a woman who is smooth, without beard or body hair. yet another aspect, is that women seem to have definite shaving preferences regarding men (as far as i know in regard only to facial hair) that tend to change over time. yes, the books almost always do contain recipes for changing hair (and beard) colour – lots of bleaching tips as well as dyes to make hair black. i’ve spent my teen and adult years waxing and sugaring and tweezing as i just can’t abide hair on my face and body, however feminist i consider myself. to this article about the malleus maleficarum suspect witches were shaven of their pubic hair before starting torture. an application of nura (a mix of quicklime and this and that) followed by sugaring (sort of like hot taffy applied and ripped off) was the usual drill at women’s baths. told her that body hair does not define us and that even if a woman has hair where other women choose to remove it completely, her beauty is defined by her heart. this explains normative self-governimg practices such as the use of cosmetics, dieting and depilation. it’s almost as though neither our hair, nor our history, is our own. as for “vermin,” being old enough to have known people who were born in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and heard the stories of when they were young, even in relatively recent times, while not too common, it was not unheard of to find people who had lice, or other infestations. i do have the feeling that hair removal is a more southern european thing – and i wonder if it’s related to a braoder mediterranean/islamic culture… but all very speculative for now! i’m a writer working on a novel set in the 16th century italy, and veronica franco is a minor character.: zen and the art of personal grooming; the rise and fall of pubic hair. i’ve always wondered how far back body hair removal for women went. he explicitly links a lack of pubic hair not only to immodesty, but to disease, briefly references merkins and recounts the case of an english gentleman who abstained from sex with his wife for two years after she had hers removed in a turkish bath! according to the humoral system, women were cold and wet in nature as opposed to their hot dry male counterparts, and it was heat and dryness that was the source of body hair. article, though i thought you moved on from the idea that hairless renaissance art was the cause of the hairless fashion of the time a little too quickly- felt like the point was lost. would love to have a read of the research paper on hair removal in italy and germany. i’m also writing a research blog on pubic hair – was planing to use the data collected from the site as part of my data analysis – but people are quite weird about discussing their pubic hair practices. once worked with a hispanic woman who only shaved just the lower part of her legs and nothing else—she did have a bit of a hairy lower back.

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The Beauty Industry's Influence on Women in Society

it’s an imbalance of the female sex hormones, and i find it interesting that the physician, in his own way, has noticed this by calling these women more masculine. a great post / blog, and i love the comments and thoughts that follow.! it seems that society’s attitudes towards body hair are calm. of course, the woman who has much body and facial hair (being of a more hot and dry nature) is also intelligent but disagreeable and argumentative, muscular, ugly, has a deep voice and frequent infertility problems. – that’s really interesting, i’ve always wondered how far back body hair removal for women went. later some women come to lozana for some cosmetics and ointments, and also ask lozana to “teach me and my cousin here how to shave off female hair, since that’s the way our husbands like it. it’s fascinating that pubic hair removal drove a man to abstention. 1532 book of secrets gives this version of the recipe:How to remove or lose hair from anywhere on the body. i’ve come across a recipe which is said to come from “grand ladies of the east” to do with burning the skin at a young age to prevent hair coming; and i’d think that hair removal would be common also in these cultures – but to be honest, i’m not sure and i’d love to find out. i like being referred to as an “outraged pubic hair specialist”! this explains normative self-governimg practices such as the use of cosmetics, dieting and depilation. surprise in this dutch( belgian ) book: van ussel geschiedenis van het sexuele probleem you see in the list of illustrations i post the link here and translate the text a bit:In front of page32 ” rich lady with hat and necklace cuts the pubic hair away with a scissor a servant girl helps here …. mary (and apologies for the late reply) – i’ll look this one up. appears that such a desire to remove bodily hair was similarily present in seventeenth-century england, although recipes seem to have been slightly less abrasive/toxic. found the answer for you jill 🙂 forgive me to meddle with your research 🙂 ( but once a historian and teacher ! just my opinion, but a few things seem to get lost in the great hair removal debate. depilation was required of jewish and muslim women through not only during the renaissance, but before and after. although we’ll never get to the bottom, so to speak, of the reasons for ruskin’s reaction, it’s been widely assumed that he was traumatised by effie’s pubic hair. body hair on women disrupts traditional gender roles – it is deemed to be masculine to have hair on one’s body in many cultures – and this includes the hair on the pubic area and armpits that naturally grows on most female bodies. of course, the woman who has much body and facial hair (being of a more hot and dry nature) is also intelligent but disagreeable and argumentative, muscular, ugly, has a deep voice and frequent infertility problems. i’m just doing research for a paper on body hair removal in italy and germany in the sixteenth century – with quite a bit more research in it than this initial foray.! it seems that society’s attitudes towards body hair are calm. Resume objective for maintence position 

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there’s evidence of recipes for this paste – which is called “rhusma” being used in ancient turkey from about 3000 bc, and the trotula – a very popular medieval book of recipes dating from the 12th century, but reproduced frequently since, also includes this. a woman i know who grew up in the 1930’s and 1940’s said she would never go out with a man who had a stubble beard that is popular today, because these men “look like a bunch of skid-row bums who just crawled out of the gutter after a three day drunk. imagine a product today having those ingredients, the claims courts and the lawyers would be extremely busy. fact, hairiness in women could be a visual representation of humoral imbalance. i am not suggesting, however, that men removed their hair as frequently or completely as women did (do). a lot of body hair and a bit of beard is a clear indication of low levels of coldness and moisture… and if the hair is dark then even higher levels of heat and dryness are present. there’s evidence of recipes for this paste – which is called “rhusma” being used in ancient turkey from about 3000 bc, and the trotula – a very popular medieval book of recipes dating from the 12th century, but reproduced frequently since, also includes this. i think juan huarte was right, i am very hairy and muscular, argumentative and intelligent and not a stereotype female beauty i am also barren and over heat easily so you know there’s truth in what he says i think. there’s armpit and pubic hair on paintings by hans baldung grien too.. i’ve read in the past that merkins were popular for a long time for women who removed pubic hair to prevent lice. found the answer for you jill 🙂 forgive me to meddle with your research 🙂 ( but once a historian and teacher !.edu/jacquelinespicer) is working on italian renaissance cosmetics, and has a big database of recipes – it might be useful for you to get in touch with her.! such an interesting topic anyway and so many helpful links in here too! as for “vermin,” being old enough to have known people who were born in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, and heard the stories of when they were young, even in relatively recent times, while not too common, it was not unheard of to find people who had lice, or other infestations. told her that body hair does not define us and that even if a woman has hair where other women choose to remove it completely, her beauty is defined by her heart. interesting to read that hair removal for women has been a hot topic for centuries. much contamination, washing, and the needless death of a few chickens, the authors find that a beard would only pose a risk following a “recognizable microbiological accident with a persistent highly infectious microorganism” or if the wearer was “engaged in a repetitious operation that aerosolized a significant number of organisms”. i will check hildegard of bingen – not sure if she said anything about body hair! what ensues is a rather bizarre study and a series of amusing photographs. although there is no way to make a neat causal connection between the visual art of this period and female bodily identity, perhaps it’s time we asked these questions. pubes and leftover menstrual blood were believed to attract and harbor the evil eye which might cause migraines, grouchiness, and speaking to one’s husband in a less than soft and deferential tone. it tells the tale of an andalucian prostitute, lozana, in rome who gets up to all sorts of sexual misadventures and also offers beauty treatments to female clients.

University Students' Attitudes Towards Body Hair And Hair Removal

a previous review of facial hair styles in recent history found that sideburns peaked in 1853, moustaches in 1877, and beards in 1892. in many cultures it is normal to remove this hair – in a 2005 study of uk women, over 90% participants reported having removed hair from their underarms and legs, over 80% from their pubic area and eyebrows. alongside the reams of advice on creating the perfect complexion – recipes for a cheap easy liquor which can be used to keep your skin smooth, soft and shiny, or a lotion to remove every kind of mark from the face and …keep the skin looking lovely, or waters to make one look twenty or twenty-five years old, there is indeed advice on how to remove hair from every part of the body in all of these books i have consulted. memory i remember(h ave to look ) that in witches images( paintings engravings etc ) around 1500 they have pubic hairs , but i have to look. your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. it doesn’t bother me on others, in fact i see a hairy woman and think at least we do exsist. this new variety of recipe types is equally noticeable in subsequent books, and they start to contain ingredients everyday, rather less volatile ingredients that one could get cheaply and use at home. researching another topic, i came across an image of the naked lucretia with noticeable body hair: see heinrich aldegrever after georg pencz, rape of lucretia (tarquin and lucretia), 1539–a later engraving has been depilated. you will find these refs on page 196-7, and there is a further ref to pubic hair and modesty on page 168. in the 1711 edition of his ‘treatise of the venereal disease’, the london surgeon, john marten, includes a brief digression on pubic hair removal which suggests that in england at least it was rarely removed, whatever the case may be in hot countries such as spain, turkey and italy. the opposite temperature creates a woman who is smooth, without beard or body hair., on the wedding night of the celebrated art critic, john ruskin and effie gray in 1848, ruskin was so repelled by the sight of his bride’s body that he was unable to consummate the marriage.?Another thought was the renaissance removing of pubic hair only for the upper class ladys and courtesan s. it’s fascinating that pubic hair removal drove a man to abstention. was it for jewish( after all trotulla was a jewish docter) and muslim women the same ? for both bartky and foucault this self-discipline is a by-product of modernity. penny – i have read your chapter in the medieval nudes book and will be citing it in the fuller version of this research in my monograph. i’m writing about hair and popular culture at the moment – or will do when i get a chance!?Working poor women i think/guess had no time and money for this kind of high culture ? you will find these refs on page 196-7, and there is a further ref to pubic hair and modesty on page 168. we bring you this thesis, on how facial hair influences women’s everyday experiences. the hair could be seen as merely a return to the proper balance of a female body, avoiding the dangerous specter of a masculinized woman.

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Did renaissance women remove their body hair? | Jill Burke's Blog

!Pingback: 13 meest sadistische schoonheidsbehandelingen voor vrouwen in de geschiedenis – verbluffend. am reading the treatise at the moment for my phd on medical advertising, and i must say that it is full of fascinating stuff! doing some research for my undergrad dissertation, on pubic hair and south asian women! recipe compilation in bologna from around the same time has an entire section called treatise on how to remove hairs from the body in various ways, so that they never return, which advises that the woman “who delights in keeping herself neat, and adorning and gently cleansing her face will need a depilatory that cleanly removes the unsightly hairs in various places on a woman’s body”. in the 1711 edition of his ‘treatise of the venereal disease’, the london surgeon, john marten, includes a brief digression on pubic hair removal which suggests that in england at least it was rarely removed, whatever the case may be in hot countries such as spain, turkey and italy. it tells the tale of an andalucian prostitute, lozana, in rome who gets up to all sorts of sexual misadventures and also offers beauty treatments to female clients. penny – i have read your chapter in the medieval nudes book and will be citing it in the fuller version of this research in my monograph.’m glad you like it – and being an outraged pubic hair specialist is definitely something we should all aspire to!: zen and the art of personal grooming; the rise and fall of pubic hair. lozana declares that in a certain roman brothel “you’ll see more than ten whores, some who pluck their eyebrows and others who shave their private parts“, and later recounts a story of how “by mistake we burned off all the hair from the private parts of a lady from bologna, but we put butter on it and made her believe she was right in style“. authors showed study participants a range of faces, manipulating the frequency of bearded faces, and then measured preference for four ‘levels of beardedness’. a great post / blog, and i love the comments and thoughts that follow. eagleton, in his after theory of 2001 said “not all students of culture are blind to the western narcissism involved in working on the history of pubic hair while half the world’s population lacks adequate sanitation and survives on less than 2 dollars a day”. for an english male art historian of the nineteenth century, steeped in the classical tradition and italian renaissance art, the expected female body would surely have been completely hairless. i am wondering if your researches uncovered any of these practises being inherited from the middle ages of beforehand – do we know what ladies, or even nuns did with this hair? the renaissance nude wasn’t simply a celebration of humanity, or a homage to a lost antique past, but popularised – even fetishised – quite narrow notions of attractiveness in a society where, for women, beauty was a cultural currency and could determine their future prospects. henna applied after depilation soothed the discomfort (and enhanced the visual appeal of the nude body). together a solution of one pint of arsenic and eighth of a pint of quicklime.(ps – what is gravatar, and why do i already have an online profile…? cavallo has noted an “explosion in treatments for facial appearance” in the sixteenth century, as propagated by the proliferation of household recipe books – often titled “books of secrets”. medicine, hygiene and beauty were closely intertwined in the renaissance (as they are today). once worked with a hispanic woman who only shaved just the lower part of her legs and nothing else—she did have a bit of a hairy lower back.

The Beauty Trap: How the pressure to conform to society's and

all good things, the beard craze must come to an end, and one recent study suggested that we will soon hit ‘peak beard’.. removal of pubes and all traces of menstrual blood mitigated these dangers.(ps – what is gravatar, and why do i already have an online profile…? for example, francisco delicado’s la lozana andaluza, was published in venice in 1528. it often seems that women’s views of other women’s appearances (and their own in comparison) are by far the most critical. according to the humoral system, women were cold and wet in nature as opposed to their hot dry male counterparts, and it was heat and dryness that was the source of body hair. appears that such a desire to remove bodily hair was similarily present in seventeenth-century england, although recipes seem to have been slightly less abrasive/toxic. lennard davis, too, in his important work on the disabled body and what he calls “enforcing normalcy” claims that “before the advent of statistics in the nineteenth century” images of beautiful women such as venus possessed “a mythic poetic body linked to that of the gods” and thus “there is no demand that populations have bodies that conform to the ideal”. an application of nura (a mix of quicklime and this and that) followed by sugaring (sort of like hot taffy applied and ripped off) was the usual drill at women’s baths. – that’s really interesting, i’ve always wondered how far back body hair removal for women went. the hair could be seen as merely a return to the proper balance of a female body, avoiding the dangerous specter of a masculinized woman. it’s not a million miles away from sandra bartky’s “panoptical male connoisseur”.. i’ve read in the past that merkins were popular for a long time for women who removed pubic hair to prevent lice. 2 questions did hildegard von bingen ( our newest doctor of the church ) also write something about womens dehairing . you are so lucky and thank you for posting this. i’m just doing research for a paper on body hair removal in italy and germany in the sixteenth century – with quite a bit more research in it than this initial foray. fact, hairiness in women could be a visual representation of humoral imbalance. hasan, i think there is a long history of body hair removal, which must have gone on through the middle ages too – but not a great deal of written evidence for it.'m a senior lecturer in renaissance art history at the university of edinburgh, and the associate editor of the journal renaissance studies. my supervisor put me onto one such book entitled “the queens closet opened” that was published in 1656 and is essentially what you describe as “a book of secrets. in this babylonian talmud ( link above ) a story about tamar and there is stated that jewish women shave their pubic hair, tamar not because she wasnt jewisjh say the rabbi ,s. i have a research blog for putting out ideas and research more quickly than traditional publishing allows, and also to include thoughts, material and info that won't fit in an article or book.

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Virtual FFS: Hair and Hairline

bartky argues that “in contemporary patriarchal culture, a panoptical male connoisseur resides within the consciousness of most women: they stand perpetually before his gaze and under his judgment. recipe that constantly recurs is one based on creating a highly alkaline solution that melts the hair from the surface of the skin (just as hair-removers like veet do today). researching another topic, i came across an image of the naked lucretia with noticeable body hair: see heinrich aldegrever after georg pencz, rape of lucretia (tarquin and lucretia), 1539–a later engraving has been depilated. ancient egyptians used boiled sugar/honey and lemon juice like our sugaring treatment, it’s the best form of hair removal i’ve known as well if you can’t afford lazer. effie gray explained in a letter of five years later “he had imagined women were quite different to what he saw i was, and that the reason he did not make me his wife was because he was disgusted with my person”. it doesn’t bother me on others, in fact i see a hairy woman and think at least we do exsist. the trotula’s three recipes for hair removal are all variations of this technique in fact – and this perhaps is telling; the books of secrets written from the turn of the sixteenth century onwards have a proliferation of recipes for hair removal. some of the recipe books in english are translated from the italian ones – and the recipes turn up again and again. to this article about the malleus maleficarum suspect witches were shaven of their pubic hair before starting torture. it’s not a million miles away from sandra bartky’s “panoptical male connoisseur”. she gave me a big hug, was almost in tears, and she wished that the world stopped telling her what beauty should be, and that more guys were like me. i like being referred to as an “outraged pubic hair specialist”! i wonder if such “books” also included recipes for changing the colour of hair? in this babylonian talmud ( link above ) a story about tamar and there is stated that jewish women shave their pubic hair, tamar not because she wasnt jewisjh say the rabbi ,s. as cavallo has noted, there’s an understanding of hair as a bodily excretion that needs to be removed in the early modern period. it is a commonplace in today’s psychological literature that body image and the desire for body modification of all kinds is profoundly affected by an unconscious assimilation of images taken from a variety of media sources. last line is interesting as a rabbi advises his daughter how to dehair here body part after part ! fortunately, a bunch of australian researchers already conducted a dosimetric investigation of the solar erythemal uv radiation protection provided by beards and mustaches to answer this pressing question. she gave me a big hug, was almost in tears, and she wished that the world stopped telling her what beauty should be, and that more guys were like me. a guy can shave his body and it is viewed as ok, and a woman can go unshaved and it is only a big deal if we want it to be. as cavallo has noted, there’s an understanding of hair as a bodily excretion that needs to be removed in the early modern period. i think juan huarte was right, i am very hairy and muscular, argumentative and intelligent and not a stereotype female beauty i am also barren and over heat easily so you know there’s truth in what he says i think.

Beards in Academia - Academia Obscura St johns chs homework central

The Portraiture of Women During the Italian Renaissance

a woman i know who grew up in the 1930’s and 1940’s said she would never go out with a man who had a stubble beard that is popular today, because these men “look like a bunch of skid-row bums who just crawled out of the gutter after a three day drunk. i’m a writer working on a novel set in the 16th century italy, and veronica franco is a minor character. surprise in this dutch( belgian ) book: van ussel geschiedenis van het sexuele probleem you see in the list of illustrations i post the link here and translate the text a bit:In front of page32 ” rich lady with hat and necklace cuts the pubic hair away with a scissor a servant girl helps here …. that’s fascinating, witches and nakedness is something i’m also interested in. there is quite a lot of interest in the subject across disciplines and periods, in my experience. one is that removal of body hair, especially from certain areas,( how shall i put this? entry was posted in renaissance nudes and tagged body hair, body image, female nudes, feminism, gender, nude, renaissance art, sexuality. i am writing a paper (due friday…eep) about cosmetic changes women made through history (i think, still working up an exact thesis and all) and i wanted to focus on body hair, body modifications and eating disorders so this is amazing! the renewed interest in facial cosmetics was, then, matched by an explosion in treatments for body hair removal. imagine a product today having those ingredients, the claims courts and the lawyers would be extremely busy. doing some research for my undergrad dissertation, on pubic hair and south asian women! go to a baths or a hot room and smear medicine over the area to be depilated. i have know one or two men who did shave their body hair at a time when it was not fashionable for men to do so (1950’s) to help get rid of vermin, also mark twain mentions having his head shaved (while in italy! it often seems that women’s views of other women’s appearances (and their own in comparison) are by far the most critical. has been a fair amount of research over the last ten years on a new fashion for the removal of pubic hair amongst young women.: more body hair removal tips for the renaissance woman | jill burke's blog. although there is no way to make a neat causal connection between the visual art of this period and female bodily identity, perhaps it’s time we asked these questions. thus caterina sforza’s book has such 9 recipes; including one made of pig lard, mustard and juniper, and another involving a distillation of swallows. for an english male art historian of the nineteenth century, steeped in the classical tradition and italian renaissance art, the expected female body would surely have been completely hairless.. removal of pubes and all traces of menstrual blood mitigated these dangers. i write there not only about public hair in the 15th and 16th centuries, but other body hair as well..I found this aboutjewish women dehairing in the talmud/gemara it is in dutch this site but sure with google translate.

Teaching children write a story, i have know one or two men who did shave their body hair at a time when it was not fashionable for men to do so (1950’s) to help get rid of vermin, also mark twain mentions having his head shaved (while in italy! i’ve spent my teen and adult years waxing and sugaring and tweezing as i just can’t abide hair on my face and body, however feminist i consider myself. lozana declares that in a certain roman brothel “you’ll see more than ten whores, some who pluck their eyebrows and others who shave their private parts“, and later recounts a story of how “by mistake we burned off all the hair from the private parts of a lady from bologna, but we put butter on it and made her believe she was right in style“.” the recipe offered “to take away hair” called for “the shells of fifty two eggs, beat them small, and still them withj a good fire, and with the water anoint your self where you would have the hair off; or else cats dung that is hard & dryed, beaten to a powder, & tempered with strong vinegar, and anionted on the place. i’m also writing a research blog on pubic hair – was planing to use the data collected from the site as part of my data analysis – but people are quite weird about discussing their pubic hair practices. yet another aspect, is that women seem to have definite shaving preferences regarding men (as far as i know in regard only to facial hair) that tend to change over time., on the wedding night of the celebrated art critic, John Ruskin and Effie Gray in 1848, Ruskin was so repelled by the sight of his bride’s body that he was unable to consummate the marriage. the middle east and north african countries it is common practice to remove all body hair but brows and lashes, using lemon juice and sugar ( it does work well i’ve tried it) unmarried girls traditionally do not remove hair but during wedding preparations all the hair is removed and she is moisturised and made soft and ready for her marriage, after marriage the hair removal is repeated, it goes back to ancient egypt when women would sugar their body hair in this way. this would be consistent with the proliferation of hair-removal recipes, certainly. a 1626 account suggests that a “bushiness of hair” creates a proliferation of vermin and filth – though it has to be said that there is little evidence for removal of male body hair for this reason. sandra bartky, in a much cited essay of 1988, considers michel foucault’s argument in discipine and punish that there was an “emergence of unprecedented discipline directed against the body” in the later eighteenth century. just my opinion, but a few things seem to get lost in the great hair removal debate. i wonder if such “books” also included recipes for changing the colour of hair? sandra bartky, in a much cited essay of 1988, considers michel foucault’s argument in discipine and punish that there was an “emergence of unprecedented discipline directed against the body” in the later eighteenth century.! such an interesting topic anyway and so many helpful links in here too! interesting to read that hair removal for women has been a hot topic for centuries. he explicitly links a lack of pubic hair not only to immodesty, but to disease, briefly references merkins and recounts the case of an english gentleman who abstained from sex with his wife for two years after she had hers removed in a turkish bath! as several outraged pubic hair specialists have noted (and yes, they do exist), research into women’s personal grooming habits is, in many ways the study of systems of inequality – particularly the internalisation of the notion that a woman’s body is imperfect unless it is somehow modified. as for what they did with the hair – your guess is as good as mine! the middle east and north african countries it is common practice to remove all body hair but brows and lashes, using lemon juice and sugar ( it does work well i’ve tried it) unmarried girls traditionally do not remove hair but during wedding preparations all the hair is removed and she is moisturised and made soft and ready for her marriage, after marriage the hair removal is repeated, it goes back to ancient egypt when women would sugar their body hair in this way. study of cosmetics has been dismissed as frivolous – and that’s certainly still the reaction of some colleagues. yes, the books almost always do contain recipes for changing hair (and beard) colour – lots of bleaching tips as well as dyes to make hair black. Thanks future business plan - it’s almost as though neither our hair, nor our history, is our own. you are so lucky and thank you for posting this. alongside the reams of advice on creating the perfect complexion – recipes for a cheap easy liquor which can be used to keep your skin smooth, soft and shiny, or a lotion to remove every kind of mark from the face and …keep the skin looking lovely, or waters to make one look twenty or twenty-five years old, there is indeed advice on how to remove hair from every part of the body in all of these books i have consulted. 2 questions did hildegard von bingen ( our newest doctor of the church ) also write something about womens dehairing . i’m writing about hair and popular culture at the moment – or will do when i get a chance! i think it’s a fascinating subject and would’ve loved to delve into it for my undergrad dissertation but was told by my supervisor that it wasn’t appropriate.!Pingback: 13 meest sadistische schoonheidsbehandelingen voor vrouwen in de geschiedenis – verbluffend. lennard davis, too, in his important work on the disabled body and what he calls “enforcing normalcy” claims that “before the advent of statistics in the nineteenth century” images of beautiful women such as venus possessed “a mythic poetic body linked to that of the gods” and thus “there is no demand that populations have bodies that conform to the ideal”. has been a fair amount of research over the last ten years on a new fashion for the removal of pubic hair amongst young women. for both bartky and foucault this self-discipline is a by-product of modernity. too much body hair could, in sum, make a woman a poor marriage partner.’s interesting that the removal of women’s body hair had been, at least in part, a function of sexism and misogyny, and studying it gets discredited due to, at least in part, the sexism or misogyny of scholars such as terry eagleton. one is that removal of body hair, especially from certain areas,( how shall i put this?’s interesting that the removal of women’s body hair had been, at least in part, a function of sexism and misogyny, and studying it gets discredited due to, at least in part, the sexism or misogyny of scholars such as terry eagleton. take a look at penny howell jolly, “pubics and privates: body hair in late medieval art,” in meanings of nudity in medieval art, ed. too much body hair could, in sum, make a woman a poor marriage partner. a 1626 account suggests that a “bushiness of hair” creates a proliferation of vermin and filth – though it has to be said that there is little evidence for removal of male body hair for this reason.?Working poor women i think/guess had no time and money for this kind of high culture ? i do have the feeling that hair removal is a more southern european thing – and i wonder if it’s related to a braoder mediterranean/islamic culture… but all very speculative for now!, on the wedding night of the celebrated art critic, John Ruskin and Effie Gray in 1848, Ruskin was so repelled by the sight of his bride’s body that he was unable to consummate the marriage. on this blog, i have thought that male pubic hair is also often “edited” out, or at least deemphasized. was it for jewish( after all trotulla was a jewish docter) and muslim women the same ?.

jill, i am writing my thesis right now on pubic hair removal.’m glad you like it – and being an outraged pubic hair specialist is definitely something we should all aspire to! memory i remember(h ave to look ) that in witches images( paintings engravings etc ) around 1500 they have pubic hairs , but i have to look. jill, i am writing my thesis right now on pubic hair removal. your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. mary (and apologies for the late reply) – i’ll look this one up.. i just wanted to point out that the spanish physician who mentions the excess of body hair and other masculine issues of a woman may be stumbling on a hormone imbalance or even what we know call pcos in women, particularly when added up with infertility issues. i am writing a paper (due friday…eep) about cosmetic changes women made through history (i think, still working up an exact thesis and all) and i wanted to focus on body hair, body modifications and eating disorders so this is amazing! they even went as far to consider different beard lengths and the angle of the sun! last line is interesting as a rabbi advises his daughter how to dehair here body part after part ! that’s fascinating, witches and nakedness is something i’m also interested in. it’s an imbalance of the female sex hormones, and i find it interesting that the physician, in his own way, has noticed this by calling these women more masculine. i once wore a t-shirt and she found it interesting that i shave my body–and wanted to know if i am worried about my body hair getting thicker. as for what they did with the hair – your guess is as good as mine! i am wondering if your researches uncovered any of these practises being inherited from the middle ages of beforehand – do we know what ladies, or even nuns did with this hair? i write there not only about public hair in the 15th and 16th centuries, but other body hair as well..I found this aboutjewish women dehairing in the talmud/gemara it is in dutch this site but sure with google translate. ancient egyptians used boiled sugar/honey and lemon juice like our sugaring treatment, it’s the best form of hair removal i’ve known as well if you can’t afford lazer. an unusual thesis topic though this may be, the work does raise some salient points about body image and gender. a lot of body hair and a bit of beard is a clear indication of low levels of coldness and moisture… and if the hair is dark then even higher levels of heat and dryness are present. there’s armpit and pubic hair on paintings by hans baldung grien too. eagleton, in his after theory of 2001 said “not all students of culture are blind to the western narcissism involved in working on the history of pubic hair while half the world’s population lacks adequate sanitation and survives on less than 2 dollars a day”.

entry was posted in renaissance nudes and tagged body hair, body image, female nudes, feminism, gender, nude, renaissance art, sexuality. it is a commonplace in today’s psychological literature that body image and the desire for body modification of all kinds is profoundly affected by an unconscious assimilation of images taken from a variety of media sources. recipe that constantly recurs is one based on creating a highly alkaline solution that melts the hair from the surface of the skin (just as hair-removers like veet do today). bartky argues that “in contemporary patriarchal culture, a panoptical male connoisseur resides within the consciousness of most women: they stand perpetually before his gaze and under his judgment. that is, the point at which having a beard is too common, and therefore undesirable from an evolutionary perspective. have you read breanne fahs work on pubic and body hair ? the peak beard study itself concludes that beards “role in facial attractiveness is equivocal. i am not suggesting, however, that men removed their hair as frequently or completely as women did (do). take a look at penny howell jolly, “pubics and privates: body hair in late medieval art,” in meanings of nudity in medieval art, ed.?Another thought was the renaissance removing of pubic hair only for the upper class ladys and courtesan s. i’ve come across a recipe which is said to come from “grand ladies of the east” to do with burning the skin at a young age to prevent hair coming; and i’d think that hair removal would be common also in these cultures – but to be honest, i’m not sure and i’d love to find out. i think it’s a fascinating subject and would’ve loved to delve into it for my undergrad dissertation but was told by my supervisor that it wasn’t appropriate. depilation was required of jewish and muslim women through not only during the renaissance, but before and after. i once wore a t-shirt and she found it interesting that i shave my body–and wanted to know if i am worried about my body hair getting thicker. my supervisor put me onto one such book entitled “the queens closet opened” that was published in 1656 and is essentially what you describe as “a book of secrets. body hair on women disrupts traditional gender roles – it is deemed to be masculine to have hair on one’s body in many cultures – and this includes the hair on the pubic area and armpits that naturally grows on most female bodies. cavallo has noted an “explosion in treatments for facial appearance” in the sixteenth century, as propagated by the proliferation of household recipe books – often titled “books of secrets”. recipe compilation in bologna from around the same time has an entire section called treatise on how to remove hairs from the body in various ways, so that they never return, which advises that the woman “who delights in keeping herself neat, and adorning and gently cleansing her face will need a depilatory that cleanly removes the unsightly hairs in various places on a woman’s body”. medicine, hygiene and beauty were closely intertwined in the renaissance (as they are today). microbiological laboratory hazard of bearded men, published in applied microbiology all the way back in 1967, sought to “evaluate the hypothesis that a bearded man subjects his family and friends to risk of infection if his beard is contaminated by infectious microorganisms while he is working in a microbiological laboratory”. 3: “each of three 6-week-old chickens was held with its head alternately nestled in the beard and stroked across one-third of the beard (one chicken on each side and one on the chin) for 5 min”. but then, he might have been a little biased:Beards and biological warfare.  Thesis and argument essay- the paper, published in biology letters and entitled negative frequency-dependent preferences and variation in male facial hair, tested “whether frequency of beardedness modulates perceived attractiveness of men’s facial hair, a secondary sexual trait subject to considerable cultural variation”. think as most supposed witches belonged to the common people it is possible to conclude that most common women didnt remove their pubic hair.: more body hair removal tips for the renaissance woman | jill burke's blog. the renewed interest in facial cosmetics was, then, matched by an explosion in treatments for body hair removal. similarly, clean-shaven faces were least attractive when such faces were most common, and more attractive when rare. henna applied after depilation soothed the discomfort (and enhanced the visual appeal of the nude body). i have an african friend who’d tell me she’d have a lot of arab women come to her for the treatment as by nature they are hairy. i will check hildegard of bingen – not sure if she said anything about body hair! in many cultures it is normal to remove this hair – in a 2005 study of uk women, over 90% participants reported having removed hair from their underarms and legs, over 80% from their pubic area and eyebrows. together a solution of one pint of arsenic and eighth of a pint of quicklime. the woman of average levels of coldness and moisture has a little bit of hair on her body but it is light and blonde. although we’ll never get to the bottom, so to speak, of the reasons for ruskin’s reaction, it’s been widely assumed that he was traumatised by effie’s pubic hair. did the reinvention of the female nude in renaissance italy go hand in hand with a vogue for body hair removal? the same study also noted a correlation between the prevalence of beards and skirt widths, as shown in the following graph:To beard or not to beard?, on the wedding night of the celebrated art critic, john ruskin and effie gray in 1848, ruskin was so repelled by the sight of his bride’s body that he was unable to consummate the marriage. there’s a particularly memorable recipe in the 1532 book, for example, that recommends women wash the area where hair is to be removed in a mixture of cat dung and vinegar. this new variety of recipe types is equally noticeable in subsequent books, and they start to contain ingredients everyday, rather less volatile ingredients that one could get cheaply and use at home. thus caterina sforza’s book has such 9 recipes; including one made of pig lard, mustard and juniper, and another involving a distillation of swallows. 1: “each man lathered his beard with a soap containing 2% hexachlorophene and then rinsed it by one of two beard-washing methods:(i) a splashing method, by cupping the hands to catch the water and then splashing the water across the face; or (ii) a shower stream method, by placing the face directly under the stream of water from the shower head. i recall ancient roman sources of vigorous and painful removal of armpit hair from bath scenes and tweezers from antiquity are still being found. a guy can shave his body and it is viewed as ok, and a woman can go unshaved and it is only a big deal if we want it to be. the woman of average levels of coldness and moisture has a little bit of hair on her body but it is light and blonde.

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